What can a person use to exfoliate their skin at home? (2023)

Exfoliation is the removal of dead cells from the top layer of the skin. People can use natural products or items like sugar, oatmeal, or sponges to help exfoliate their face.

People may choose to exfoliate their skin, as it can have benefits such as improving its appearance and stimulating circulation. But people should be careful while exfoliating the face as they can easily damage or irritate the skin.

In this article, learn more about the benefits of exfoliation and what natural products people can use.

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For exfoliation at home, there areof themain ways a person can exfoliate: mechanical and chemical.

Mechanical exfoliation is the use of an object to physically remove dead cells from the skin's surface. This includes tools like sponges, facial brushes, and washcloths.

Chemical peel is the use of chemicals to dissolve and remove dead skin cells. Chemical exfoliants include acids likealpha-hydroxy acidsmibeta-hydroxy acids.

In accordance withAmerican Academy of Dermatology (AAD), exfoliation can help improve the appearance of the skin. TO2016 studypoints out that exfoliation stimulates the renewal of new cells on the skin's surface. This can result in a smoother, more polished appearance.


(Video) How to exfoliate at home

OAADrecommends that when using an exfoliator or chemical exfoliator that you use small circular motions when applying the product. When a person uses a physical exfoliator such as a sponge or washcloth, they should use short, gentle strokes when exfoliating.

A person should also make sure not to exfoliate if they have sores, open cuts, or sunburn on their skin.

How often a person should exfoliate will depend on their skin type and exfoliation method.

For example, people with oily skin may prefer to exfoliate more frequently than people with dry or sensitive skin. Also, the more aggressive the exfoliation method, the less one person needs to do.

Because it's easy to over-exfoliate and irritate the skin, people should exfoliate their face no more than one to three times a week. If irritation occurs, people should stop exfoliating the skin until it heals and consider exfoliating less frequently or trying a different method.

A person should consult a medical professional, such as a dermatologist, to determine the most appropriate frequency of exfoliation for their skin type.

People with acne may consider exfoliating their face to improve the appearance of their skin. but this isimportantthat they consider what skin care products they are currently using and choose an exfoliation method that is suitable for their skin type.

Certain acne medications, especially those that containretinolobenzoyl peroxide, can make the skin more sensitive. Exfoliating when using these products can lead to acne.

(Video) How to Exfoliate Your Skin: A Guide

Also, if a person has acne-prone skin, it may be wise to avoid using mechanical exfoliation methods, as this may be too irritating for their skin type.

Instead, it might be more suitable for them to usechemical peelmethods. For example,chemical exfoliantsassalicylic acidit can help control and treat acne.

There are many natural exfoliants that people can use on their skin. These are typically mechanical exfoliators, which means that people can use them to physically remove dead skin cells. They may include:


People can use round, crushed, or rolled oat grains to make oat flour, which containsactive propertieswhich can benefit the skin. Manufacturers may use colloidal oatmeal in skin care products. This is a finely ground version of oats that absorbs water much more easily.

A2012 studytesting different skin care products that contain colloidal oatmeal suggests that it is an effective exfoliant. TOstudy 2017She also notes that oats were effective in exfoliating dead skin cells and can reduce acne and remove oil and bacteria from the skin.


The rough texture and shape of the sugar granules make them a suitable physical scrub. By applying a sugar scrub to the skin and using circular motions, people can exfoliate the skin throughfriction.

Some sugars, such as cane sugar, also contain other active properties, such asGlycolic Acid, which is an AHA.

A person can buy sugar scrubs commercially or make them at home by mixing sugars with an oil, such as brown sugar with almond oil.


The sponges act as mechanical exfoliants. People can use them to physically remove dead cells from the skin's surface by washing.

The loofah sponge is a type of sponge that peopleI usually wearto rub and exfoliate the skin. Using a loofah can also helppromoteblood circulation.

Some people might also suggestkonjacsponges Anecdotal evidence suggests that people can use fibers from the konjac plant to gently exfoliate their face.



The cloths provide a gentle exfoliation that is not too harsh on the skin.

Washcloths may be preferable for people with sensitive, dry, or acne-prone skin. This is because other methods of mechanical exfoliation or harsh chemical exfoliants can irritate the skin and cause breakouts.

For exfoliation, a person can moisten a regular washcloth and use short, gentle strokes on the skin.

A person must first determine their skin type before exfoliating. This is because different skin types react differently to exfoliation methods. different skin typesinclude:

  • Sensitive skin:This skin type is more prone to stinging, burning, or redness after using certain skin care products.
  • normal skin:This type of skin is normally fair and not sensitive to the use of the product.
  • Dry Skin:This type of skin is itchy, scaly or rough.
  • Oily skin:This skin type is normally oily or shiny.
  • Primer error:This skin type is a combination of dry and oily skin. Some areas of the skin may be dry, while others may be oily.

The AAD recommends that people with dry or sensitive skin use a gentle chemical exfoliator or a gentle mechanical exfoliation cloth.

People with thick and oily skin may need other methods of exfoliation, such as stronger mechanical or chemical exfoliators.

A person may also want to consider their skin tone when choosing an exfoliation method. That isadvisablethat some people, particularly those with darker skin tones, avoid harsh chemical or mechanical peels. This is because these methods can cause dark spots on darker skin tones.

Exfoliationallowsto remove the outer layer of dead skin cells and can also help unclog pores and keep skin clear. This can help improve the appearance of the skin.

(Video) How To Exfoliate Your Face - Skin Care At Home - Glamrs

For example, many people can usechemical exfoliantsto help fight the signs of aging, acne, acne scars, ingrown hairs orhyperpigmentation.

It is important that people use the correct exfoliation technique and consider which methods are appropriate for their skin type. Excessive exfoliation can damage the skin and cause redness or acne.

A person should not exfoliate skin that has been sunburned or has open sores or cuts, as this can further irritate the skin.

Exfoliating too often and using inappropriate scrubs can cause skin damage known asmicro-tears. This can weaken the skin's barrier and cause it to lose its ability to regenerate.

When mechanical scrubs such as sponges or cloths are used, they should also be cleaned regularly. This is because these tools can harbor bacteria that can cause the skin to break down.

Exfoliation is beneficial for removing dead skin cells and maintaining the appearance of healthy skin. There are natural exfoliants that are effective but gentle on the skin.

A person should make sure to consider their skin type and the appropriate methods before exfoliating to ensure that they get the maximum benefit. Excessive exfoliation and certain chemical exfoliants can cause further damage to the skin.


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