Reality check: falsehoods in US perception of China (2023)


US Secretary of State Antony Blinken recently gave a speech to the Asia Society in which he outlined the US government's handling of China. Using carefully calibrated language, he tried to promote the “Chinese threat” narrative, meddle in China's internal affairs, and slander China's domestic and foreign policies, all in an attempt to contain and completely suppress China.

Below we will use facts and figures to show the world just how insidious, hypocritical and dangerous the US policy towards China really is.

Falsehood 1: China poses the greatest long-term challenge to and undermines the international order. The United States will uphold international laws, agreements, principles, and institutions that maintain peace and security and protect the rights of individuals and sovereign nations.

Reality-Check:What the US has consistently promised to uphold is the so-called international order, designed to serve US self-interest and maintain its hegemony. The United States itself is the greatest source of disruption to the real world order.

◆ China has always been and always will be a defender of the international order. China is a founding member of the United Nations (UN) and the first country to sign the UN Charter. China is committed to upholding the United Nations-aligned international system, the international order upheld by international law, and the fundamental norms governing international relations based on the purposes and principles of the UN Charter. The five principles of peaceful coexistence shared by China, India and Myanmar have been widely recognized by the international community and have become the fundamental norms guiding relations between states.

China adheres to genuine multilateralism and global strategic stability. China is the largest contributor to peacekeeping forces among the permanent members of the UN Security Council and the second largest contributor to the UN peacekeeping budget of any country. China has actively participated in international arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation processes. It has signed or acceded to more than 20 multilateral arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation treaties, including the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). China is against the arms race.

After the 2008 international financial crisis, China pursued responsible macroeconomic policies, continued to be a "stabilizer" of the world economy and made an important contribution to the global recovery. China actively provides international public goods to various countries, and has signed BRI cooperation agreements with 149 countries and 32 international organizations.

◆ In recent years, the international community has warmly welcomed President Xi Jinping's vision of building a community with a shared future for mankind. It has been written into several important documents issued by the UN, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and other multilateral institutions. UN Secretary-General António Guterres hailed China as an important pillar of multilateralism, noting that the purpose of practicing multilateralism is to build a community with a shared future for humanity. Peter Thomson, President of the 71st Session of the UN General Assembly  said that the vision championed by China of building a community with a shared future for mankind is the only future for mankind on this planet.

In response to various new global challenges, President Xi Jinping launched the Global Development Initiative (GDI) and the Global Security Initiative (GSI). They represent China's proposals to make the global governance system fairer and fairer, and have received positive response and broad support from the international community.

◆ The United States has flagrantly violated the purposes and principles of the UN Charter and the rules governing international relations. With its military might, the US has instigated wars in many parts of the world, fueled divisions and conflicts, and brought great unrest and disasters to the world. In over 240 years of US history, there have only been 16 years that the US has not been at war. The United States could well be called the most warlike country in world history. American magazineThe national interestHe quoted Dakota Wood, a senior researcher on defense programs at the Heritage Foundation, who wrote that the US needs to deploy a military force about every 15 years.

Since the end of World War II, the United States has fought or participated in many wars abroad, including the Korean War, Vietnam War, Afghanistan War, and Iraq War. These wars caused extremely heavy civilian casualties and property damage and resulted in colossal humanitarian catastrophes. Since 2001, US wars and military operations in the name of counterterrorism have killed more than 900,000 people, including some 335,000 civilians, injured millions and displaced tens of millions.

◆ The United States routinely prioritizes domestic law over international law and selectively applies international standards as it sees fit. Since the 1980s, the US had once withdrawn from 17 international organizations and treaties, including the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC), the World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the Paris Council Agreement, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF) and the Open Skies Treaty.

Although the current US administration has declared "America is back" and the US has rejoined some international organizations and agreements, the administration has not essentially abandoned the "America First" policy and continues to move in "selective multilateralism". The current administration has stayed away from institutions and agreements considered detrimental to US interests, such as the Open Skies Treaty. The European media dubbed it "America First 2.0".

◆ The United States has abused its financial hegemony and technological influence and engaged in economic coercion in the name of protecting national security. The US enacted some national laws, such as the International Emergency Economic Powers Act, the Magnitsky Global Human Rights Accountability Act, and the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act, and issued a number of executive orders to target and sanction specific countries, organizations, or individuals. . The “ambiguous rules” contained in these statutes and executive orders, such as the Minimum Contacts Principle and the Effects Doctrine, are a deliberate extension of the scope of US law. The United States also abuses its  domestic  law enforcement channels to exercise sweeping jurisdiction over organizations and individuals in other countries.

For more than 60 years, the United States has continued its comprehensive blockade of Cuba based on its embargo policy and internal laws such as the Torricelli Act and the Helms-Burton Act, in total disregard for the numerous resolutions of the UN General Assembly. . The blockade of Cuba is the longest and most ruthless systemic trade embargo, economic blockade, and financial sanctions in modern history. The blockade has seriously damaged Cuba's economic and social development, causing more than $100 billion in direct losses to the Cuban economy.

The United States has been implementing blockades and sanctions against Iran since the late 1970s. In May 2018, the US government announced its unilateral withdrawal from the JCPOA and shortly thereafter resumed and expanded sanctions against Iran. Many relevant countries and institutions have been forced to abandon their cooperation with Iran. A large number of foreign oil companies left the country. Iran's manufacturing industry can hardly maintain normal operations. The country has suffered from an economic slowdown, along with higher inflation and a massive currency devaluation.

The US has imposed unilateral sanctions on Belarus, Syria and Zimbabwe, among others, over the years, and increased “maximum pressure” on the DPRK, Venezuela, etc.

◆ Statistics show that the previous US administration imposed more than 3,900 sanctions, meaning it was  waving its 'big stick' three times a day on average . In fiscal 2021, organizations and individuals on the U.S. sanctions lists exceeded 9,421, up 933 percent from fiscal 2000.

"Illegal" unilateral sanctions and the longstanding jurisdiction of the United States have seriously undermined the sovereignty and security of other countries and severely affected their economic development and people's well-being. Sanctions and the long-drawn-out jurisdiction are also a serious violation of international law and the basic rules of international relations.

In an article published in the September/October 2021 issue of Foreign Affairs, Daniel Drezner, a professor at Tufts University and a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, criticizes successive U.S. administrations for making “sanctions the solution of choice ' use for almost all foreign policy issues. .” He notes that sanctions are not only ineffective, but also “have a humanitarian price” and that the United States of America has become the “US of sanctions.”

◆ The “rules-based international order” propagated by the USA is actually another version of power politics. This is an attempt to impose one's own will and standards on others, replacing generally accepted international laws and norms with the internal rules of some countries.

There is only one international system in the world, and that is the international system with the UN at its core. There is only one international order, namely the international order, which is underpinned by international law. And there is only one set of rules, namely the basic norms that govern international relations, supported by the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter.

Before discussing rules and order, the US should first pay its $1 billion arrears for the regular UN budget and $1.4 billion for peacekeeping contributions, the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and ratifying the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, to stop alone in blocking the negotiations on a verification protocol under the Biological Organizations  Weapons Convention (BWC), to lift illegal unilateral sanctions, to seriously fulfill their international obligations and to others setting good example for compliance with laws and regulations.

Falsehood 2: The United States is not seeking conflict or a new Cold War. It does not seek to prevent China from playing its role as a great power, nor to prevent China from developing its economy or promoting the interests of its people.

Reality-Check:Despite its claims that it is not trying to prevent China from playing its role as a great power or preventing its economy from growing, the US is actually using its internal and external resources to contain and suppress China's villains.

◆ Without providing credible evidence, the US government uses national security as a general pretext and its entire apparatus to deliberately suppress and sanction Huawei, restricting its products' access to the US market, denying them access to the chips and the Cutting off the operating system and forcing countries around the world to ban Huawei from rolling out 5G. The United States also orchestrated and pressured Canada to keep Huawei's CFO for almost three years without reason.

◆ In violation of the principle of fair competition and the market economy and international trade rules, the US is trying to cripple competitive Chinese high-tech companies with all sorts of fabricated charges. To date, it has placed more than 1,000 Chinese companies on various sanctions lists, subjected biotech and artificial intelligence technologies to increased export controls and a strict investment scrutiny, and sought to ban Chinese social media platforms, including TikTok and WeChat.

◆ Using the pretext of protecting human rights, the US fabricated misinformation and disinformation about Xinjiang, such as the existence of "forced labor," and based on these unsubstantiated stories passed the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Law, maliciously targeting Xinjiang's competitiveness. the cotton, tomato and solar photovoltaic sectors to curb China's growth. This has disrupted the international trade order and destabilized global industrial and supply chains.

◆ The previous US administration waged a massive trade war against China in gross violation of WTO rules. Based on its own Section 301 investigation, it imposed three rounds of high tariffs on about $360 billion worth of Chinese imports. In September 2021, the current US administration launched a "Section 232 investigation" to determine the US national security implications of imports of neodymium, iron and steel and boron at a time when global commodity prices were at a peak moving at a high level.

◆ The United States has a history of serious interference in China's internal affairs in matters affecting China's core interests, including Taiwan, Xinjiang, Tibet and Hong Kong. It seeks to undermine China's security and stability both overtly and covertly by tolerating and supporting separatist activities.

◆ Bipartisan innovation legislation being debated in the US Congress sees China as an alleged rival while claiming to improve US competitiveness. "China" appears more than 800 times in the text, which is crammed with provisions damaging to China's interests.

◆ In an attempt to maintain its power and dominance in international institutions, the US has sought to promote the vision of building a community with a shared future for humanity and the initiative to promote "Belt and Road" cooperation, including in multilateral forums, to slander and block, and also to remove references to them in the UN and other international documents.

◆ Clinging to the Cold War mentality and hegemonic logic, the USA pursues bloc politics, invents the narrative “democracy vs. authoritarianism”, persuades other countries to form exclusive cliques, strengthens Five Eyes, sells the quad mechanism, the AUKUS with it unites the UK and Australia and strengthens bilateral military alliances in a clear attempt to counter China.

◆ The United States is pressuring NATO to meddle in Asia-Pacific affairs, feeding the “China threat” narrative in the bloc's new strategic concept, and including US allies in Asia-Pacific at its Madrid summit Japan and the Republic of Korea (ROK) and Australia, in an attempt to build an “Asia-Pacific version of NATO” that would disrupt security and stability in the Asia-Pacific region.

◆ The development of interstate relations must be based on equality, mutual respect and win-win outcomes. China-US relations have reached an important crossroads. The US must stop viewing this relationship through a Cold War zero-sum mentality, following the three principles of mutual respect, peaceful coexistence and win-win cooperation, and reflecting in its actions the five guarantees it has given to China (i.e The US does not seek a new Cold War with China, the US does not seek to change China's system, the revival of US alliances is not against China, the US does not support "Taiwan independence," and the US does not seek conflict with China ).

False 3: Our diplomacy is based on partnership and respect for the interests of others, while China practices coercive diplomacy towards other countries and ruthlessly hits back. Our task is to demonstrate once again that all countries can go their own way without being forced to do so.

Reality-Check:It is the United States that invented "coercive diplomacy" and excels at oppressing countries. Over the years, the US has practiced textbook-style coercive diplomacy around the world through the imposition of economic blockades, unilateral sanctions, and other means.

◆ In 1971, American scholar Alexander George first introduced the concept of "coercive diplomacy" to summarize US policy toward Laos, Cuba, and Vietnam at the time. The US government forced Haiti's military government to step down in 1994, calling it "a textbook example of forced diplomacy." In 2003, it specifically identified $30.3 billion in additional military spending from "coercive diplomacy" as incurred.

The U.S. government froze $7 billion in assets of the Afghan Central Bank on the grounds of punishing the Afghan Taliban and even claimed the Afghan people's "life-saving money", leading to a worsening of the humanitarian situation in Afghanistan Afghanistan led. Afghanistan. Mohammad Naeem, a spokesman for the Taliban political office in Doha, said the seizure was "indicative of the lowest level of human and moral decay of a country and a nation".

In a bid to force Nepal's parliament to approve the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) deal, the US openly issued an "ultimatum" saying that if the US does not ratify the pact, it will review its ties with Nepal.

After the outbreak of the Ukraine conflict, the US Department of Justice set up the "KleptoCapture Task Force" to find, freeze and seize yachts, apartments, private planes and large warehouses belonging to Russian citizens in the US and Europe. This fully demonstrates that the United States' touted "inviolable and sacred right to property" is nothing but a lie. The United States has forced other countries to take sides and pressured them to go along with sanctions against Russia. And those who refuse pay a "price".

After China and Solomon Islands signed a framework agreement on bilateral security cooperation, the US deployed senior National Security Council officials to the country and did everything possible to obstruct legitimate cooperation between China and Solomon Islands. According to a Solomon Star article, "Washington DC, which has literally forgotten about the Solomons since WWII, has finally woken up and is pressuring the Solomons to abandon the security pact."

In May 2022, on the eve of the GDI Friends Group's virtual high-level meeting, the US pressured several UN development agencies to prevent their participation and threatened to "cut funding".

◆ The “Clean Network” program launched by the previous administration is another prime example of US forced diplomacy. Under the guise of safeguarding U.S. national security and citizens' privacy, the program specifically requires Chinese companies like Huawei, Baidu and Alibaba to be removed from five sectors: telecom providers, mobile app stores, apps, cell phones, cloud services, and underwater optical cables. . Then-US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and other US politicians lobbied around the world, forcing countries and regions to join their so-called "network." A senior US official even threatened Cyprus and other countries not to cooperate with Chinese 5G providers or face the consequences. Former UK Business and Industry Secretary Vince Cable said the government's decision to ban Huawei's 5G equipment and services "had nothing to do with national security" and was because "Americans were telling us we should do it".

◆ The United States shows no mercy when it comes to coercing its allies. The US has imposed sanctions on the Nord Stream 2 natural gas pipeline project since December 2019 due to geopolitical and energy policy considerations. Since the conflict between Russia and Ukraine broke out, the USA has imposed new sanctions on companies and their employees despite the fact that Germany had announced the suspension of the project certification process.

◆ A US academic observed that US foreign policy since World War II has been based on a simple idea: “Either you are with us or you are against us. The United States must lead, allies must follow, and woe to countries that resist her dominance! His words reveal the nature of American coercive diplomacy.

◆ China never engages in forced diplomacy and firmly opposes forced diplomacy by other countries. China never threatens other countries with violence, never establishes a military alliance, never exports ideologies, never interferes in the internal affairs of others, never seeks a trade war, and never imposes unjustified oppression on foreign companies. Apart from that, however, China has the right to provide necessary and legitimate responses to actions that undermine China's sovereignty, security, rights and development interests.

False 4: America's democracy is one of the most powerful assets in this race. Our task is to prove once again that democracy is up to pressing challenges and that the future belongs to those who believe in freedom.

Reality-Check:The United States sets standards for democracy according to its own system, does not admit other systems, ways, or models, and does not ally with others to meddle rampantly in the internal affairs of other countries in the name of democracy. This not only contradicts the spirit of democracy, but is also a disaster for democracy.

◆ American-style democracy is a rich man's game based on capital. Monetary policy permeates the entire electoral, legislative, and administrative process in the United States. In fact, people have only a limited right to political participation. Inequality in economic status has become inequality in political status. According to statistics, the winners of 91 percent of US congressional elections are the candidates with the most financial backing. Large corporations, a small group of wealthy people, and interest groups are more generous in offering financial assistance and have become the primary source of campaign funding. So-called representatives of the people's will, once elected, often serve the interests of their funders and speak on behalf of interest groups rather than ordinary people. A US Senator made an astute observation: “Congress doesn't regulate Wall Street. Wall Street rules Congress."

Republican US Congressman Mo Brooks from Alabama has publicly denounced the “corruption” of the US Congress in a video on social media. "If you want to be chairman of a big committee, you have to buy it." The purchase price depends on the size of the committee, with the minimum bid for a sizeable committee being $1 million. Those who cannot afford it must accept contributions from interest groups and then give consideration to lobbyists. “Special interest groups run Washington. I don't mean that metaphorically, I mean it literally."

◆ According to a Singaporean academic, the United States clearly does not function as a democracy. It runs like a plutocracy. A democracy is government by the people, by the people, for the people. A plutocracy is a government of the 1 percent, by the 1 percent, for the 1 percent.

◆ The US presidential election follows the electoral college system, where the president and vice president are elected by the electoral college. The shortcomings of such an electoral system are obvious. First, it lacks broad representation as the president-elect may not be the winner of the national popular vote. Second, confusion and disorder often ensue as each state sets its own voting rules. Third, the winner-takes-all system exacerbates inequality between states and between political parties. It causes a large loss of votes and decreases voter turnout. Voters in deep blue and deep red states are often ignored, while swing states become disproportionately important as both parties try to garner more supporters. In the history of the United States there have been five presidential elections in which the winner of the national popular vote has not been elected president.

The American public largely recognizes that vote-rigging is a failure of the electoral system. What is meant is an unfair distribution of constituencies in favor of a specific party in order to win as many seats as possible and consolidate their lead. The United States conducts a census every ten years. After the census is completed, constituency reorganization or reorganization occurs on the principle that each constituency will maintain an approximately equal population, allowing for demographic changes. Under the United States Constitution, each state legislature has the power to redesignate districts. This leaves room for manipulation by the majority party in a state parliament. According to a 2021 YouGov poll, just 16% of U.S. adults say they believe their states' congressional maps are drawn fairly, while 44% say they believe the maps are drawn fairly. They will draw unfairly, and another 40% of adults say they are unsure if the cards will be fair.

◆ American-style democracy is nominally “one person, one vote”, but in reality is “rule by a dominant minority”. Political pluralism is just a facade. A small number of elites dominate political, economic and military affairs. They control the state apparatus and policy-making, manipulate public opinion, dominate the business world and enjoy all sorts of privileges.

According to the Associated Press, the 2020 U.S. Census left "18.8 million people uncounted." The undercount robs them of their equal share of federal funds, including education, health care and housing, and puts them in an unfavorable position when it comes to allocation to Congress. It exposes the hypocrisy of American democracy and its "perpetuation of systemic racism".

Noam Chomsky, a political commentator and social activist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, notes that the United States is a "real-life capitalist democracy" in which there is a positive correlation between people's wealth and their influence on policy-making. For the bottom 70% on the wealth/income scale, they have no say in politics at all. You are effectively disenfranchised.

Wertheimer, president of the US nonprofit Democracy 21, says corruption in the US is a systemic corruption of the process itself. "When it comes to billions and billions of dollars, a lot of it focuses on buying influence, it overwhelms that system and it's a lot harder to fight back and maintain representation for ordinary Americans."

Danny Haiphong, a US freelance journalist, believes that Western-style democracy sees the election itself as its greatest achievement. The question of whether this system meets the needs of the masses is often ignored to obscure the fact that powerful corporate interests set the political agenda long before the vote is cast.

◆ The checks and balances of American-style democracy  have led to a “vetocracy”. The American political scientist Francis Fukuyama points this out in his bookPolitical order and political decadencethat there is an ingrained political paralysis in the United States. The American political system has too many checks and balances, increasing the cost of collective action and, in some cases, making it impossible. The democratic process in the US is fragmented and lengthy, with many veto points where individual veto players can block action by the entire body. The "checks and balances" function, supposedly designed to prevent abuse of power, has been distorted in American political practice. Politicians in Washington DC Anxious to protect their own party interests, they no longer concern themselves with national development. Both parties have vetoed it and are caught in a vicious circle. Government effectiveness is inevitably weakened, law and justice are trampled underfoot, development and progress stagnate, and social divisions widen.

According to an October 2021 Pew Research Center report based on a survey of 17 advanced economies including the US, Germany and the Republic of Korea, the US is more politically divided than the other economies surveyed. Nine in 10 American respondents believe that there are strong conflicts between people who support different political parties, and nearly 60 percent of Americans polled believe that their fellow Americans no longer disagree just about politics, but also about basic facts.

As political and partisan polarization continues to increase, there is more "opposition for the sake of opposition" between Democrats and Republicans. Under his influence, voters from both parties are increasingly at odds over gun policy. Among Republican voters, 76 percent support gun rights, while 81 percent of Democratic voters believe gun control is more important. Confined by vested interests, factionalism and public opinion, gun control legislation and enforcement has been fraught with difficulties. For the past decade, Congressional Democrats have introduced dozens of gun violence and gun control bills each year, but due to continued obstruction by the Republican Party, only a handful of them successfully entered the deliberations, plenary, and debate in the Senate and House of Representatives.

The US National Rifle Association (NRA) has five million members and spends hundreds of millions of dollars each year on advertising and lobbying. Its tentacles penetrate deep into the fabric of American society. The NRA is a major funder of the Republican Party. Since its inception in 1871, the NRA has successfully won nine US Presidents to join. According to CNN statistics in 2018, 307 of the 535 US Congressmen received direct campaign contributions from the NRA and its affiliates or benefited from independent NRA spending, such as B. Advertising to support their campaigns. In the face of huge profits, all kinds of gun control efforts have ended in vain.

(Video) Reality Check: Falsehoods in US Perceptions of China

◆ America is not a straight-A student when it comes to democracy. His practice of democracy was messy and chaotic. On January 6, 2021, thousands of Americans gathered on Capitol Hill in Washington, DC and stormed the Capitol building to prevent the joint session of Congress from confirming the newly elected president. The incident disrupted the transfer of power from the US President, leaving five dead and more than 140 injured. It's the worst act of violence in Washington, D.C. since 1814, when British troops burned down the White House, shocking the entire international community. The Republican leader in the US Senate described it as a "failed uprising."

A US Council on Foreign Relations scholar says the US is not as unique as many Americans believe and that the Capitol Hill riots should put an end to the notion of America's state of emergency, an ever-luminous city on a hill.

An American international affairs expert enrolledLos New York Timesthat while the American leader has reunited the West, he may not be able to reunite the United States. Trump and his supporters would be willing to deviate from established constitutional rules and regulations with their big lie. This can undermine the US government's ability to transfer power peacefully and legitimately. As a result, none of the institutions will function for long, and people will be plunged into political and financial chaos.

◆ Dysfunctional democracy based on the American model has triggered a crisis of confidence. Public engagements with the people go hand in hand with behind-the-scenes deals. Political infighting, monetary policy, and vetocracy make it all but impossible to deliver the quality governance that the general public aspires to. Americans are increasingly disillusioned with American politics and pessimistic about American-style democracy.

An October 2020 Gallup poll shows just 19% of Americans polled are "very sure" about the presidential election, a record low since the first poll was held in 2004. According to a poll byThe Wall Street JournalAs of June 2022, six out of ten Americans are pessimistic about achieving the American Dream.

A 2021 study by A Pew shows that 65 percent of Americans see a need for major reform of American democracy. People's trust in American democracy fell in 16 developed countries, with 57 percent of respondents believing that American democracy is no longer a good example.

The Democracy Perceptions Index, released in 2021 by a German polling institute, shows that 44% of respondents in the 53 countries surveyed are concerned that the United States is threatening democracy in their country.

◆ Over the years, despite the structural flaws and problematic practices of its democratic system, the US has promoted the “alliance of democracies” and exaggerated the “democracy versus autocracy” narrative. In essence, he attacks those who hold different views under the banner of democracy, using ideology and values ​​as a tool to oppress others and further his own geopolitical strategies. This is hegemony disguised as democracy. A former CIA official stated openly, "We will intervene whenever we decide it is in our national security interest to intervene. If you don't like it, change it."

The United States has pushed the neo-Monroe Doctrine in Latin America under the guise of promoting democracy, instigated color revolutions in Eurasia, and remotely controlled the Arab Spring in West Asia and North Africa. These movements have brought chaos and disaster to many countries, seriously undermining world peace, stability and development. As the French website Le Grand Soir suggests, democracy has long become a weapon of mass destruction for the United States to attack countries of differing views.

◆ Whether a country is democratic or not depends on whether its people really own the country. It depends on whether people have the right to vote and, above all, the right to have a say; what promises are made during the elections and, more importantly, how many of those promises are fulfilled after the elections; what types of procedures and policies are established by governmental systems and laws, and most importantly, whether those systems and laws are actually enforced; and whether the rules and procedures governing the exercise of power are democratic and, most importantly, whether the exercise of power is truly subject to public oversight and scrutiny.

◆ The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) leads the Chinese people in upholding the people's democracy in China. It not only has a complete set of institutions and procedures, but also extensive citizen participation. A comprehensive, extensive, and well-coordinated system of institutions has been put in place to ensure that the people rule the country, and diverse, open, and orderly channels for democracy have been established. This enables all people to participate in constitutional democratic elections, consultations, decision-making, administration and supervision as well as the administration of state, economic, cultural and social affairs in various ways and forms and in accordance with the law. Comprehensive process-oriented people's democracy integrates process-oriented democracy with result-oriented democracy, procedural democracy with material democracy, direct democracy with indirect democracy, and people's democracy with the will of the state. It is a model of socialist democracy that covers all aspects of the democratic process and all areas of society. It's a real democracy that works. China's whole process of people's democracy is gaining more and more recognition and acclaim from the international community.

A British scholar says that electoral democracy does not create a close relationship with the people and the government because the people are only asked to vote in every election. The Chinese approach is different because there is a very important consultative component in the way China works.

◆ Democracy is a concrete phenomenon in constant development. Rooted in history, culture and tradition, it takes different forms and develops along the paths chosen by different peoples based on their exploration and innovation. China remains committed to respecting the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all countries, upholding non-interference in internal affairs, and respecting the independent choices of development paths and social systems made by people in different countries. China has no intention of engaging in systemic rivalry or ideological confrontation with the US. China never exports ideology, never interferes in other countries' internal affairs, and never tries to change the US system.

False 5: The US has deep differences with the CCP and the Chinese government. But these differences are between governments and systems, not between our people.

Reality-Check:CCP leadership is the choice of history and the people. The CCP and the Chinese government enjoy the unconditional support and approval of the Chinese people. The US attempt to drive wedges between the CCP and the Chinese people only serves to reveal its hostility to the system and China's path.

◆ The CCP has deep roots and close ties with the Chinese people. This has kept the CCP full of vigor and vitality. At the end of 2021, the CPC had more than 95 million members. The CCP is the world's largest party in long-term rule in the world's most populous country. Under the leadership of the CCP, China has achieved the twin miracles of rapid economic development and long-term social stability. More than 800 million people have been lifted out of poverty and 1.4 billion are making strides toward modernization. In just a few decades, China has achieved what it took Western industrialized countries hundreds of years to achieve.

A 13-year Harvard University survey of Chinese people found that more than 90 percent of respondents are satisfied with the party and its government, the highest rate among countries in consecutive years. A trust and credibility survey released in 2022 by Edelman, a renowned US public relations consultancy, shows that up to 91 percent of Chinese citizens will trust their government in 2021, the highest among any country surveyed.

◆ The previous US government did everything it could to attack and discredit the CCP in a McCarthyist-style campaign. It has attacked Chinese leaders and China's domestic and foreign policies, sowed discord between the CCP and the Chinese people, openly challenged the CCP's leadership and government position, stoked anti-China and anti-CCP sentiment, and imposed visa restrictions on CCP members. and their families.

The current government has not made any significant changes to this policy since taking office. In June 2021, the US Senate passed the 2,000-plus-page US Competition and Innovation Act of 2021. Viewing China as a strategic competitor and the US's greatest challenge, it slandered China's development path and domestic and foreign policies, and maliciously urged measures to counteract the US CCP's "influence" and evil activities. called for more than $200 billion in public funds to secure US advantages over China in key technology sectors and advocated mobilizing US resources in the strategic, diplomatic, economic and technological fields to engage in broader strategic competition with China to involve China. The U.S. Senate also proposed an allocation of $300 million for each of fiscal years 2022-2026 to counter the CCP's "malicious influence," and appointed the State Department and development agency US International to train journalists in the necessary investigative techniques . Ensure public accountability related to the Belt and Road Initiative, including "support for civil society and independent media".

The US continues to use the CCP's records as an excuse to go against normal exchanges and cooperation between people. For some time, Chinese students and visiting scholars going to the US have been harassed and suppressed by the US, most of them have been asked if they or their parents are members of the CPC. Some were repatriated for inconceivable reasons, such as suspected military connections, simply because they had photos of military training at the university on their cellphones. These stop-and-frisk activities go well beyond what the US calls "normal law enforcement."

◆ The CCP, the Chinese government and the Chinese people share an inseparable bond. The United States says that if it respects the Chinese people, then it must respect the development path and political system chosen by the Chinese people, and respect the CCP, which represents the fundamental interests of the Chinese people. By targeting the CCP and the Chinese government, the US is effectively targeting the Chinese people. Anything done to separate the CCP, the Chinese government and the Chinese people and pit the Chinese people against the CCP and the Chinese government will surely be met with the unanimous resistance and determined response of the more than 1.4 billion Chinese people bump.

False 6: The United States is raising human rights issues and calling for change not to oppose China but to uphold peace, security and human dignity.

Reality-Check:Chinese people's human rights are guaranteed as never before, with a remarkable increase in their sense of accomplishment, happiness and security. On the contrary, the United States has been implicated in gross human rights abuses both at home and abroad, and its shocking record makes it the world's top human rights abuser.

◆ China always puts people's right to livelihood at the top of its agenda, prioritizes work to improve their right to development, considers protecting the legitimate rights and interests of citizens as its fundamental task, has safeguarding the rights of ethnic groups as one an important part of their work and considers the protection of people's safety as a long-term goal.

Guided by a people-centered philosophy, the CCP has made the pursuit of happiness for the Chinese people and the revitalization of the Chinese nation its mission since its inception. Over the past 100 years, the Party has worked tirelessly on behalf of the people and has been dedicated to realizing people's aspirations for a better life. China has promoted people's democracy, promoted legal protection of human rights, and upheld social justice and justice throughout the process. The Chinese people now enjoy fuller, broader and more inclusive democratic rights.

◆ China has created the miracle of eradicating absolute poverty. By the end of 2020, China has lifted the 98.99 million rural residents living below the current poverty line out of poverty. In 2021, China has completed building a moderately prosperous society in every respect and historically solved the problem of absolute poverty. Since the start of reform and opening up, 770 million impoverished rural residents have been lifted out of poverty as it is currently defined. According to the World Bank's international poverty line, China contributes 70% to global poverty reduction over the same period. China has reached the poverty reduction target of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development ten years ahead of schedule and has made important contributions to global poverty reduction and human rights progress. China has also built the world's largest education system, the largest social security system, and the largest health care system.

◆ Since the beginning of COVID-19, China has acted on the principle of putting people and their lives first. Based on China's national conditions, it has formulated and implemented a dynamic zero-COVID policy, and constantly adjusted its response measures as the situation evolves, to better protect people's life and health while ensuring strong and sustainable socio-economic development , while the pandemic is effectively under control. Both the infection rate and the death rate in China are the lowest in the world.

◆ As an active participant in global human rights policy, China has made its contribution and offered its initiatives to global human rights development. In recent years, the concept of "building a community with a common future" has been included in UN Human Rights Council resolutions and China-backed resolutions on "the contribution of development to the enjoyment of all human rights" and on "promoting" mutually beneficial cooperation in the field of human rights” have been passed several times in the Human Rights Council. China also made joint declarations on behalf of developing countries, including on implementing the right to development, promoting human rights through poverty alleviation, and equitable distribution of vaccines, thereby doing its part to protect developing countries' basic human rights. which has earned him widespread recognition and support from the international community.

◆ China has been an advocate and actor in furthering the international cause of human rights. A World Bank study estimates that if fully implemented, the Belt and Road Initiative could lift 32 million people out of moderate poverty, living on less than $3.2 a day. It shows how participating in the Belt and Road cooperation can promote human rights in more countries. Facing the pandemic, China launched its largest global humanitarian operation since the founding of the People's Republic and defended building a global health community for all. To address the global development deficit, China proposed the Global Development Initiative (GDI), which regards improving people's well-being and achieving comprehensive human development as the fundamental purpose and goal. The GDI has been endorsed and supported by more than 100 countries and many international organizations including the UN. The initiative creates a broad international consensus for the accelerated implementation of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and builds international synergies for coordinated development, thus providing strong support for advancing the international cause of human rights.

◆ The right to life is paramount as survival is the foundation of all human rights. Equipped with the world's most advanced medical technologies and devices, the US has recorded the highest number of COVID-19 infections and deaths in the world. The response to the pandemic has become extremely politicized and has become a tool and lever to attack, subvert and oppose between Republicans and Democrats. Politicians focus only on political gain, with no regard for the lives and health of ordinary people. Its control of the pandemic, which has been unscientific, uneven and irresponsible, has seriously undermined the right to life and health of the American people.

So far, the death toll from COVID-19 in the United States has surpassed 1 million. The deaths are "unexpected, premature, particularly painful and in many cases preventable," according to The Atlantic. Some politicians even suggested that older people could make sacrifices for the country and that saving the country's economy was more important than the lives of older people. Data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows that the majority of COVID victims are 65 years or older. Researchers from USC and Princeton project life expectancy at birth for Americans will fall by 1.13 years due to deaths from the pandemic last year, the sharpest drop since World War II. “Life expectancy would decrease by 2.10 years for black people and by 3.05 years for Latinos. Whites are also affected, but their projected decline is much smaller: 0.68 years.

El Washington Postit points to a much higher number behind the millions of deaths: That number is 9 million, the number of Americans who have lost spouses, parents, grandparents, siblings and children to COVID. A study by Imperial College London estimates that as of May 23, 2020, more than 250,000 American children had lost a parent or caregiver to COVID-19. Figures released by the US Government Accountability Office in March 2022 show as many as 23 million people in the US may have developed 'Long COVID' and an estimated 1 million people with symptoms may be unemployed.

America is the country with the highest incidence of gun violence. Its population, which is 333 million, or 4 percent of the world's population, owns more than 400 million firearms, or 46 percent of all private firearms in the world. It is the world leader in gun ownership, and occasional shootings in the US kill more than 110 people on a daily basis. Many people say that in the United States it is easier to buy a gun than baby food.

Data from the US website Gun Violence Archive shows that around 45,000 Americans were killed in gun violence incidents in 2021. On May 24, 2022, the Robb Elementary School shooting in Texas killed 21 people, including 19 children. According to US media counts, it is the 39th shooting on campus this year. CorrespondingEl Washington PostIn all, there were 202 mass shootings in the US in the first five and a half months of this year. For decades, the US government has failed to take any substantive steps to address such issues. In the past 25 years, the US federal government has not passed gun control laws.Los New York TimesHe observed: “The United States has become ungovernable not because of political differences, protests, or a lack of courtesy, but because it is a country that is unwilling to protect and care for its citizens: its women, its ethnic minorities, and especially his children. ”

Despite the US Founding Fathers' assertion that "all men are created equal," slavery was retained in their 1789 Constitution. Although the US has superficially abolished racial segregation, white supremacy continues to wreak havoc, and systematic racial discrimination Minorities still exist. even to this day. Entrenched racism, made worse by the coronavirus, has prompted a new wave of hate crimes against Asian Americans. At the same time, racial persecution of indigenous people continues, discrimination against the Muslim community is increasing, racial economic gaps are widening, and racial inequality is increasing by the day. Almost 60 years after Martin Luther King's "I have a dream" speech, people are still seeing a brutal reality as reflected in George Floyd's "I can't breathe" plea.

◆ Through massacre, expulsion, sterilization, and forced assimilation, the US committed genocide against Native Americans, causing their population to decline from five million in 1492 to 250,000 in the early 20th century. The Native American community has long been neglected and discriminated against. Aboriginal culture was fundamentally destroyed and the intergenerational legacy of Aboriginal life and spirits was seriously threatened. Many US government statistical programs omit them altogether or simply classify them as "other."

Shannon Keller O'Loughlin, executive director and attorney for the Association for American Indian Affairs, said Native Americans have diverse cultures and languages ​​but are often viewed not as an ethnic group but as a political class with limited treaty autonomy from the federal government.the AtlanticHe commented that Native Americans, who were once masters of this continent, have had a very weak voice in American society since their removal, killing, and forced assimilation "backwards" in history to the poverty and neglect that is widespread today.

The US government enforced the boarding school system in Native American areas to force English and Christian education on Native American children. He also enacted laws prohibiting Native Americans from performing religious rituals that were passed down through the generations. An article titled “America Faces Its Own Genocides,” published on October 11, 2021 on the Foreign Policy website, noted that over the course of the 19th and 20th centuries, there were more than 350 state-funded indigenous peoples Boarding schools in the United States gave states. Hundreds of thousands of indigenous children went through these schools or died in these schools. The purpose of Indigenous boarding schools was to culturally assimilate Indigenous children by forcibly relocating them from their families and communities to remote residential facilities where their Native American, Alaskan, and Hawaiian identities, languages, and beliefs would be forcibly repressed. . The United States was responsible not only morally but also legally for the crime of genocide against its own people.

Native American writer Rebecca Nagle believes that information about Native Americans has been systematically removed from mainstream media and popular culture. According to a report by the National Association for Indian Education, 87 percent of U.S. state-level history textbooks do not mention the history of Native American peoples after 1900. According to the Smithsonian Institution, the things taught about Native Americans in American schools are full of inaccurate information and do not show the true picture of the suffering of indigenous peoples. Rick Santorum, a former Republican senator, said publicly at Young America's Foundation, “We created a nation from nothing. I mean, there was nothing here…but honestly, there's not a lot of Native American culture in American culture.”

◆ Islamophobia and the discrimination and oppression of Muslims and Islam in mainstream American society have become more pronounced. A September 9, 2021 Bloomberg report found that discrimination against Muslims in the United States has increased in the two decades since 9/11. On the same day, the Associated Press cited a poll showing that 53 percent of Americans hold negative views of Islam. The Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR) said in its 2021 report that it receives an increasing number of complaints of harassment and hate speech against Muslims each year.

According to poll results released October 29, 2021 by the Othering & Belonging Institute at UC Berkeley, 67.5% of Muslim respondents said they had experienced Islamophobia, and an even higher percentage of respondents, 93, said they had experienced Islamophobia having experienced that anti-Muslim hatred had affected their mental or emotional well-being to some degree.

◆ The United States has serious problems with human trafficking and forced labor. It has not yet ratified the Forced Labor Convention (1930), the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. Nearly 100,000 people are smuggled into the United States for forced labor every year. Today there are at least half a million enslaved people in the United States; around 240,000 to 325,000 women and children are victims of sexual slavery.

◆ Immigrants and refugees have become an instrument of partisan strife and political rivalry in the United States. The government arbitrarily changes its rules and regulations, enforces laws by force, and immigrants have been subjected to inhumane treatment such as prolonged detention, torture and forced labour. Data released by the US Border Patrol shows that 557 migrants died at the US southern border in fiscal year 2021, more than double the previous fiscal year and the highest number since raids began in 1998. In the same year , the United States arrested more than 1.7 million immigrants at the southern border, including 45,000 children. In September 2021, more than 15,000 Haitian asylum-seekers huddled under a bridge in the Texas border town of Del Rio, sleeping in run-down tents or on the ground in the sweltering heat surrounded by run-down garbage. US Border Patrol agents abused the asylum seekers with whip-wielding horse patrols and charged the crowd to herd them into the river. CNN commented that this scene is reminiscent of the dark era in American history when slave patrols were used to control black slaves.

◆ By turning a blind eye to the systematic violation of its own people's human rights, the US government has deliberately attacked other countries interfering in their internal affairs in the name of human rights, violently flouting the law and selfishly trampling on justice kicked . Interest.

Since 2001, the US has waged wars or conducted military operations in some 80 countries in the name of the "war on terror" that has killed more than 900,000 people, including 300,000 civilians. The United States' 20-year war has left Afghanistan devastated and impoverished. A total of 47,245 Afghan civilians and 66,000 to 69,000 Afghan soldiers and police unrelated to 9/11 were killed as a result of US operations and more than 10 million displaced. The war in Afghanistan has destroyed the foundations of economic development and impoverished the Afghan people. When the United States withdrew from Afghanistan, it immediately froze billions of dollars in foreign exchange reserves at the Afghan Central Bank, bringing the Afghan economy to the brink of collapse and worsening the situation for the Afghan people.

At the 48th session of the UN Human Rights Council, many countries denounced the US as "the world's greatest destroyer of human rights" and called on it to address its own grave human rights problems.

◆ The United States is an expert on arbitrary detention and torture. Under the guise of the "war on terror," the CIA has set up black sites in at least 54 countries and regions over the years, where more than 100,000 people are being held. A group of independent human rights experts appointed by the UN Human Rights Council said in a January 10, 2022 statement that the United States had arbitrarily detained people without trial and tortured or ill-treated them at Guantanamo Bay for 20 years in violation of international human rights law, calling it "a Blemishes on the United States government's commitment to the rule of law". The United States must address and resolve its own chronic and systemic human rights problems, reflect on the humanitarian disasters and crimes it has caused around the world, and hold itself accountable to the international community.

False 7: The United States remains committed to its “One China” policy, guided by the Taiwan Relations Act, the three Joint Communiqués, and the Six Assurances. His policy towards Taiwan has not changed.

Reality-Check:The one China principle is an established norm of international relations and a universal consensus of the international community. The United States has acted without faith, further retracting its own commitments and the consensus reached with China, seeking to weaken and undermine the one China principle and using Taiwan to contain China. This is a major threat to cross-strait peace and stability.

◆ In October 1971, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) overwhelmingly passed Resolution 2758, which resolved the restoration of the People's Republic of China's legal seat at the UN and settled once and for all the issue of China's representation at the UN in political, legal and procedural aspects. The official legal opinions of the Office of Legal Affairs of the UN Secretariat expressly state that "the United Nations regards 'Taiwan' as a province of China with no status of its own", the "'authorities' in 'Taiwan' are not taken into account". …enjoy any form of governmental status” and “Reference to 'Taiwan' … should read 'Taiwan, Province of China'”.

Based on the one-China principle, China has established diplomatic relations with 181 countries, including the United States.

◆ The US has made the following commitments to China regarding the One China Principle in the three joint Sino-US communiques.

In the Shanghai Communiqué issued in 1972, the United States specifically stated: "The United States recognizes that all Chinese people on both sides of the Taiwan Strait believe that there is only one China and that Taiwan is a part of China. The United States government does not challenge this position.

In the 1978 Joint Communiqué on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations, the US clearly stated: "The United States of America recognizes the government of the People's Republic of China as the sole legal government of China"; "The US government recognizes the Chinese position that there is only one China and Taiwan is part of China."

In the Communiqué dated August 17, 1982, the United States unequivocally stated that "In the joint communiqué on the establishment of diplomatic relations dated January 1, 1979, issued by the government of the People's Republic of China and the government of the United States of America, the United States of America, recognized the government of the People's Republic of China as the sole legal government of China and recognized the Chinese position that "there is only one China and Taiwan is a part of China" and that it "has no intention of violating the sovereignty and territorial integrity of China or interfering in China's internal affairs or pursuing a "two China" or "one China, one Taiwan" policy."

According to the said communiqué, “the United States government declares that it has no long-term intention to pursue an arms sales policy to Taiwan, that its arms sales to Taiwan have not, in qualitative or quantitative terms, matched the level of shipments in recent years since diplomatic incorporation.” United States-China relations, and which intends to gradually reduce its arms sales to Taiwan, which will lead to a final resolution over time. By reaffirming this, the United States recognizes China's consistent position on fully resolving this issue."

◆ Instead of diligently fulfilling its obligations to Taiwan, the United States has continued to go backwards in history.

On the political front, the US added the so-called "Taiwan Relations Act" and the "Six Guarantees" to express its One China policy, with a growing list of such prefixes. Both prefixes are unilaterally created by the US side in violation of their commitments in the three joint Sino-US communiques. As well as the one China principle, reiterated in United Nations General Assembly Resolution 2758 and widely respected by the international community. They are illegal, null and void ab initio, and China has never recognized them and has firmly opposed them from the outset. The United States also violated its commitment to maintain unofficial relations only with Taiwan and continued to improve its engagement. In recent years, senior US officials, including the Secretary of Health and Human Services and the Deputy Secretary of State, as well as members of Congress have visited Taiwan. US ambassadors abroad have also met with so-called "representatives" of Taiwan in their host countries.

On the military front, the US has failed to live up to its commitment "that it intends to gradually reduce its arms sales to Taiwan, which will lead to a final settlement over a period of time." Rather than stop selling arms, it has sold arms on a larger scale and with improved capabilities, including offensive weapons such as anti-radiation missiles, heavy torpedoes and F-16V fighter jets. To date, total US arms sales to Taiwan have exceeded $70 billion. According to reports from Reuters and other new agencies, US special forces are temporarily rotating in Taiwan to train with Taiwanese forces.

Since 2021, the American leader has publicly stated three times that the United States would help defend Taiwan in the event of a cross-strait war.

On the international stage, the US has helped Taiwan expand its so-called "international space." Recently, the US has spread the misconception around the world that UN General Assembly Resolution 2758 has not determined Taiwan's status and that each country should be able to determine the contours of its own "one-way" policy: China." He has strongly advocated supporting Taiwan's participation as an observer at the 75th session of the World Health Assembly and has even shamelessly helped consolidate Taiwan's "diplomatic ties."

◆ These US actions have violated its commitment that it "does not intend to pursue ... a 'two China' or 'one China, one Taiwan' policy." At the World Economic Forum in Davos in 2022, former US Secretary of State Henry  Kissinger said: “It is my understanding of the agreement (that China and the US form one China… ) that it is vital that these principles are upheld and that the United States that The United States must not develop anything like a two-China solution through subterfuge or a gradual process."

◆ The DPP authorities have doggedly pushed their separatist “Taiwan independence” agenda, and the US has openly and covertly encouraged and supported “Taiwan independence” forces. This is the main cause of the current tensions in the Taiwan Strait. To maintain peace across the Taiwan Strait and beyond, we must prevent the growing trend of "Taiwan independence" and US-Taiwan collusion. The one China principle should not be questioned. China's sovereignty and territorial integrity must not be violated. And the red line that no one should adopt a "two China" or "one China one Taiwan" policy should not be crossed. China is fully confident, capable and willing to resolutely curb the separatist activities of "Taiwan independence", resolutely thwart any outside interference, and firmly protect its sovereignty and territorial integrity. The US must comply with the terms of the three joint Sino-US communiqués. For the US to pursue a genuine one-China policy and honor its commitments, including not supporting "Taiwan independence." The US really needs to reflect on its regressive and wrongful behavior and make amends and stop playing with fire on the Taiwan issue. Otherwise, it would seriously endanger cross-strait peace and stability, undermine Sino-US relations, and inflict unbearable costs on itself.

False 8: The United States stands with countries and people around the world against genocide and crimes against humanity in the Xinjiang region, where more than a million people have been sent to detention centers because of their ethnic and religious identity.

Reality-Check:The human rights of people of all ethnic groups in Xinjiang are fully protected. There is no "genocide" or "crimes against humanity" in Xinjiang. The United States has been spreading disinformation about Xinjiang just to create an excuse to discredit and attack China.

(Video) Why do US politicians say China's success threatens Western democracy?

◆ Issues related to Xinjiang are not about human rights, but about countering violence, terrorism and separatism. According to available figures, between 1990 and the end of 2016, several thousand violent and terrorist attacks took place in Xinjiang, killing large numbers of innocent people and hundreds of police officers and causing untold damage to property.

In response to such real threats, Xinjiang has acted decisively to fight terrorism and extremism in accordance with the law. At the same time, a number of support measures were taken, such as B. Improving people's livelihoods, raising public awareness of the law, and offering help through vocational education and training centers. The trend of "frequent terrorist activities" has been effectively curbed. There has been no violent terrorist act in Xinjiang for five consecutive years or more. The region enjoys security, social stability and good development. The safety of people of all ethnic groups has been effectively protected.

◆ "Genocide" in Xinjiang is a complete "century lie". In the past 60+ years, the Uyghur population has increased from 2.2 million to about 12 million, and their average life expectancy has increased from 30 to 75 years.

With the stability prevailing in Xinjiang, local people live and work in peace and happiness. The region has made unprecedented strides in promoting economic and social development and improving people's lives. From 2014 to 2019, Xinjiang's GDP increased to 1.36 trillion yuan from 919.59 billion yuan, at a compound annual growth rate of 7.2%, while per capita disposable income at a compound annual growth rate of 9.1 % grew. Notable achievements have been made in eradicating extreme poverty. The 3.09 million people who are impoverished by today's standards have been lifted out of poverty, making absolute poverty in Xinjiang a thing of the past.

The legitimate rights and interests of people of all ethnic groups in Xinjiang have been effectively protected. All ethnic groups, regardless of their population, have equal legal status and enjoy freedom of religion and various legal rights, including participation in the administration of state affairs, receiving education, using their own language, and preserving their traditional culture.

◆ In July 2019, the permanent representatives of more than 50 countries in Geneva sent a joint letter to the President of the UN Human Rights Council and the High Commissioner for Human Rights, praising China's achievements in countering terrorism, deradicalization and protecting human rights. In October 2019, more than 60 countries addressed the Third Committee of the 74th session of the UN General Assembly, applauding the tremendous progress on human rights in Xinjiang. In June 2021, more than 90 countries in the Human Rights Council made joint or separate statements in support of China. Meanwhile, Canada has taken the lead in attacking China on issues related to Xinjiang, Hong Kong and Tibet. Just over 40 countries joined Canada's criticism, and none are from the Muslim world.

◆ In recent years, more than 2,000 people from more than 100 countries, including experts, academics, journalists, diplomats and religious figures, have visited Xinjiang and witnessed the unity, harmony and happiness of people from all walks of life groups.

◆ The so-called “genocide” in Xinjiang is a lie fabricated by anti-Chinese forces represented by German anti-Chinese scholar Adrian Zenz. He is a member of the US government-sponsored far-right group Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation and a key figure in an anti-China organization set up by US intelligence agencies. Also, he's a racist. Their "investigation" is full of inconsistencies, falsifications and data manipulations. It has no academic credibility and cannot be licensed for scholarly publication. For example, a graph in Zenz's "document" says that in Xinjiang, on average, between 800 and 1,400 new IUDs are inserted per person each year, meaning that every woman in the region would have to undergo four to eight insertion surgeries every day. This goes completely against common sense.

◆ On June 29, 2020, the US Jamestown Foundation released an "investigative report" on Adrian Zenz, in which it falsely accused the Chinese government of "genocide" against ethnic minorities in Xinjiang.

After the report's release, US politicians, including then-Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, itinerant Ambassador for International Religious Freedom Sam Brownback, Senator Marco Rubio and House Representative Jim McGovern, immediately got involved to prepare the "genocide" indictment. Rubio, McGovern, Senator John Cornyn and Senator Robert Menendez  went on to urge the government to make a genocidal provision on China's policies in Xinjiang. Contradicting the conclusion reached by attorneys for the State Department's General Counsel, Pompeo announced that "I have determined that the People's Republic of China is committing genocide and crimes against humanity against Uyghur Muslims and members of other ethnic minorities in Xinjiang, China and." religious groups” on January 19, 2021, the last day of the previous government. The current government takes the same stand and continues to claim "genocide" in Xinjiang. This further reveals the true intent of US political manipulation in the name of human rights.

◆ The World Uyghur Congress, an anti-China separatist organization, hired people like Sayragul Sauytbay and Tursunay Ziawudun to make false statements and spread all sorts of lies about the persecution. In the more than 70 press conferences held by the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region so far, the untruths spread by the anti-Chinese forces have been exposed with solid facts. For example, some "artists" who claimed to have been victims of "forced sterilization" at vocational training centers never went to one. Family members or "friends" reported missing by some "artists" are actually living normal lives in Xinjiang.

◆ The false claim of “millions of Uyghurs detained” in education and training centers was initiated and disseminated by Chinese Human Rights Defenders, a US government-backed NGO, based on interviews with eight Uyghurs and estimates. The organization came to the absurd conclusion that at least 10 percent of Xinjiang's 20 million people are being held in "re-education camps."

Education and training centers in Xinjiang are no different in nature from deradicalization centers or community correction and desist and exit programs in many other countries. It has proven to be a successful exploration of preventive counter-terrorism and deradicalization in line with the principles and spirit of counter-terrorism resolutions, including the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy, and the United Nations Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism. At the centers, students gain better oral and written Chinese language skills, employability, and a stronger sense of national identity, citizenship and the rule of law. By October 2019, all students had completed the centers. Most of them are in steady employment, having found work themselves or with government help, or starting their own businesses.

◆ The United States and some other Western countries have made a human rights issue in Xinjiang without considering the fundamental reality of protecting and developing human rights there. It has become a means for them to achieve their strategic goal of using Xinjiang as an excuse to contain China. Lawrence Wilkerson, a retired US Army colonel and chief of staff to former Secretary of State Colin Powell, said publicly in August 2018 that one of the three purposes of the US military presence in Afghanistan was to contain China: "If the CIA wanted to destabilize China, that would be it the best way to do it: riot and join these Uyghurs to push Beijing forward, from within rather than without.”

False 9: The CCP has imposed harsh anti-democracy measures in Hong Kong under the pretext of national security. Beijing's suspension of liberty in Hong Kong violates its surrender commitments enshrined in the Sino-British Joint Declaration.

Reality-Check:By attacking and defaming the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) National Security Act, the US . Hong Kong is the Hong Kong of China. Hong Kong affairs are purely China's internal affairs, which will not tolerate US interference.

◆ For a long time, the US collaborated with destabilizing and anti-Chinese forces in Hong Kong, meddling in Hong Kong's political agenda, stoking social tensions, and even interfering directly in Hong Kong affairs. The US Consul General in Hong Kong has publicly criticized the Hong Kong SAR government over proposed 2019 legislative changes and One Country, Two Systems. Officials at the US Consulate General in Hong Kong also met with the so-called riot leaders. The rioters openly admitted that they had spoken to the US about the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act 2019 legislative process and called on the US to stop exporting tear gas and rubber bullets to Hong Kong police.

◆ Sponsored and supported by the National Endowment for Democracy (NED) and other US government “white gloves,” anti-China rioters in Hong Kong have been vandalized, looted and burned in the name of the so-called fight for “democracy” and “freedom.” ' and violently stormed the Hong Kong Legislative Council (LegCo) building. NED even appeared publicly on the streets to lead relevant activities and attempted to organize a "color revolution" in Hong Kong. NED contacted opposition parties, groups and organizations in Hong Kong through its affiliated National Democratic Institute for International Affairs or the National Democratic Institute (NDI). NDI funded opposition-orchestrated "July 1st marches" to obstruct Article 23 legislation, funded opposition parties and groups to attend workshops and seminars, and offered their leaders personal advice on campaign skills, led what it called a "program march for young political leaders” by “to support emerging political groups in their confrontation with the government, organized a “five district referendum” together with members of the opposition LegCo and guided and financed the opposition and young radicals in orchestrating the illegal movement "Occupy Central".

According to the NED website, $2 million was spent on 11 Hong Kong-related projects in 2020, with a particular focus on disrupting LegCo elections. Key projects include: Strengthening Citizen Election Observation, which provided technical and financial support to newly formed destabilizing groups in Hong Kong, encouraging them to obstruct LegCo elections through election observation, voter canvassing methods, etc. ; "Broadening Citizens' Perspectives on Political Participation", which collected and disseminated the results of a survey on democratic development and prompted Hong Kong youth to share their experiences of political participation on the Internet; “Support Unity Among Student Activists”, which called for better coordination between Hong Kong student groups ahead of the LegCo elections, directing and training them to build capacity for “democratic change” and international communication, and to play a role in disrupting the electoral order; and "Building Regional Solidarity and Empowering the Hong Kong Movement," which aimed to strengthen Hong Kong's "democracy movement" through networking, foster next-generation "leading activists" in Hong Kong, and build a Hong Kong "democracy movement" network. Asia.

◆ US officials used "violence" and "shame" to describe protesters' storming of the Capitol, but called "violent and criminal activity" in Hong Kong, which included attacks on residents and damage to public facilities, "a beautiful spectacle" . US police used armored vehicles to disperse protesters, used force to beat and evict seated protesters, and arrested protesters after intentionally enticing them to walk in vehicle lanes, a violation of the law while discrediting the Hong Kong SAR government's law. Acts to protect the rights of individuals and public order as a "violation" of human rights. This is yet another American-style display of hypocritical double standards, revealing their intent to undermine Hong Kong's prosperity and stability and contain China under the guise of human rights and democracy.

◆ During more than 150 years of British colonial rule, there was no democracy in Hong Kong at all. None of the "governors" were democratically elected by Hong Kong residents. In most cases, Legco members were appointed directly by the governor. In stark contrast, following Hong Kong's return under the Basic Law, Hong Kong enjoyed independent executive, legislative and judicial powers, including final jurisdiction. Its residents are the statutory owners of the RAE, who manage their own affairs with a high degree of autonomy. They enjoy a wide range of democratic rights and freedoms like never before. This is a fact that any impartial person would recognize.

◆ The purpose of passing the Hong Kong National Security Law is to close loopholes to protect national security in the SAR. It is a legitimate and necessary measure to respond to violent terrorist activity and illegal outside interference in Hong Kong. The constitutions of more than 100 countries stipulate that the exercise of fundamental rights and freedoms must not endanger national security. According to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the rights to freedom of religion, freedom of expression, freedom of assembly and the right to a fair trial may be subject to limitations prescribed by law and necessary to protect security and public order. The European Convention on Human Rights contains similar provisions.

The National Security Law specifically targets four categories of crimes: secession, subversion, terrorist activities, and collusion with a foreign country or with outside elements to endanger national security. It seeks to punish a small number of criminals who pose serious threats to national security and to protect the vast majority of Hong Kong's law-abiding citizens. It provides better protection for the rights and freedoms of Hong Kong residents and Hong Kong's high degree of autonomy enshrined in law. It creates the necessary conditions to tackle deep-rooted problems in the economy and in people's livelihoods. It also helps uphold the rule of law and the business environment in Hong Kong, alleviates the business community's concerns about social unrest and provides better conditions for people around the world to work, invest and live in Hong Kong.

In the past two years since the National Security Law came into force, the rule of law in Hong Kong has been strengthened and better guaranteed. Hong Kong's Rule of Law Index remains among the best in the world. Foreign investors have greater confidence in the city. Hong Kong sees good prospects in transition from chaos to order and prosperity. According to the AmCham Hong Kong Business Sentiment Survey 2022, released earlier this year, the number of Hong Kong companies that are optimistic about Hong Kong's business prospects has increased by 18% year-on-year, while the number of companies that are pessimistic , decreased by 17%.

◆ The legal basis for the government of the People's Republic of China in Hong Kong is the Chinese Constitution and the Basic Law of the Hong Kong SAR. The Sino-British Joint Declaration is not relevant in this regard. When China resumed the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong in 1997, all provisions related to the United Kingdom as per the Joint Declaration were complied with. The basic policy regarding Hong Kong that China declared in the Joint Declaration is China's declaration of its policies, which has since been fully incorporated into the Basic Law promulgated by the National People's Congress. These guidelines have not changed; They are still defended by China. The Joint Statement gives the UK no responsibility for Hong Kong and no right to intervene in Hong Kong affairs after Hong Kong's return. The UK will have no sovereignty, jurisdiction or "supervisory rights" over Hong Kong after its return. The Joint Statement is a bilateral instrument between China and the UK; it does not concern any other country and has nothing to do with a third country. Sovereign equality and non-interference are enshrined in international law and fundamental rules of international relations. Other countries and organizations have no right to interfere in Hong Kong's affairs based on the Joint Statement.

The Chinese central government has consistently implemented the "one country, two systems" policy. Since Hong Kong's return, the "one country, two systems" policy, under which Hong Kongers govern Hong Kong with a high degree of autonomy, has been implemented in earnest and with widely recognized achievements. Practice has fully demonstrated that "one country, two systems" is the best institutional arrangement for Hong Kong's long-term prosperity and stability. The central government will continue to ensure that the "one country, two systems" policy remains unchanged, steadfastly upheld and not twisted or distorted in practice.

◆ The United States, turning a blind eye to the fact that Hong Kong's democracy has improved in ways not seen before its return, has acted against mainstream Hong Kong public opinion in favor of unity and progress and made irresponsible remarks about Hong Kong's high level of democracy made autonomy, human rights and freedom the "preachers" of democracy. This only exposes their “hypocritical” double standard and program to destabilize Hong Kong and contain China.

Falsehood 10: China claims to defend sovereignty and territorial integrity while supporting and defending the Russian government, which it blatantly violates.

Reality-Check:China has always taken an objective and fair position on the Ukraine issue, a position shared by most countries. The Cold War mentality and power politics are at the root of the Ukraine crisis. The United States should seriously assume its due responsibility and take concrete measures to defuse the situation and solve the problems.

◆ The United States broke its own promises and continued NATO's eastward expansion, sparking the Ukraine crisis.

In a meeting with Mikhail Gorbachev in 1990, then-US Secretary of State James Baker made it clear that there "would not be an inch eastward extension of NATO jurisdiction over NATO forces." Still, the US has led five rounds of NATO's eastward expansion since 1999, increasing its membership from 16 to 30 and pushing NATO more than 1,000 kilometers east of Russia's border, forming a C-shaped fence of the Black Sea.

In 1997, former US diplomat and Soviet observer George Kennan wrote in his New York Times op-ed that "NATO enlargement would be the most fatal mistake in US policy of the entire post-Cold War era."

In 2014, former US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger wrote in The Washington Post that in order for Ukraine to survive and thrive, it must not join NATO and that it must not be an outpost of either party against each other, but should function as one bridge between them.

Speaking at the 2022 World Economic Forum annual meeting in Davos, Kissinger said Ukraine should have been a bridge between Europe and Russia, but that opportunity doesn't exist in the same way now. Russia has been an integral part of Europe for 400 years and has repeatedly guaranteed the restoration of European balance. Current policy must take into account the importance of developing the recovery of this role.

An American international affairs expert points out in an article that the US government should bear significant responsibility for the deterioration in relations with Russia caused by its huge mistake in giving the green light to NATO expansion. Noting that "the United States and NATO are not innocent bystanders," he also believed it was "the pinnacle of madness" for some U.S. officials to come forward publicly with leaks or even the sharing of information between the United States and bragging to Ukraine. He warned that such incitement by the United States could dangerously widen the conflict between Russia and Ukraine.

According to Clare Daly, MEP, the US has poured fuel on Ukraine's fire because they want to weaken Russia and benefit from the crisis, for which Europe will pay a heavy price. There is still no hope of peace in the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine, largely because the United States does not want Russia and Ukraine to reach a peace deal.

Former US Senator Bill Bradley said, "The fundamental mistake the United States made in the late 1980s and early 1990s was NATO expansion."

Former US Congressman Tulsi Gabbard said in an interview that if Joe Biden had simply promised not to take Ukraine into NATO, the war would have been avoided.

Over the years, the United States has sought interventionism and seriously violated the sovereignty of Iraq, Afghanistan, Serbia, Syria and other countries. Alfred de Zayas, a senior UN expert, said in an exclusive interview that from an international law perspective, Russia's military actions in Ukraine violate the UN Charter, but the United States and NATO have violated international law so frequently over the years that "precedents of admissibility" are thus created for Russia's current actions in the sense of customary international law.

◆ The United States has fueled the Ukraine issue. Instead of promoting peace talks, the US continued to supply arms to Ukraine, escalating tensions and widening the conflict, making it longer and more complicated. This has sufficiently exposed the selfish nature of the United States.

On April 25, 2022, after a visit to Ukraine, US Secretary of Defense Austin said the US wanted to use the war to “see Russia weakened.”

In late May 2022, the US Congress voted to authorize more than $40 billion more in military and economic assistance to Ukraine, in addition to the original $13.6 billion in aid. Total aid exceeded 70 percent of Russia and Ukraine's military spending in 2021.

The ongoing crisis has cost Europe dearly in political, economic and social terms, but the US is reaping dividends as its arms dealers, food and energy companies reap huge profits. For example, the market value of US military industrial giants has increased by hundreds of billions, and the price of liquefied natural gas (LNG) exported to Europe is more than 10 times what it was a year ago.

As a result of the conflict, more than 6.5 million Ukrainians have fled to neighboring European countries, creating an unprecedented refugee crisis. But the US accepted only 12 refugees from Ukraine in March 2022. Thousands of Ukrainian refugees remain stranded at the US-Mexico border and many have been in US custody, even as the UN and the international community called for an early end to the conflict, while the US still says they " will fight to the last Ukrainian".

◆ The relationship between China and Russia is characterized by non-alliance, non-confrontation and the absence of attacks on third parties. It differs fundamentally from the practice of the US and a small number of other western countries, where they still cling to the Cold War mentality and the dichotomy of friend or foe to draw ideological boundaries, so-called "alliances" and "cliques". “Practice bloc politics and create confrontation and division.

In the joint statement on February 4, 2022, China and Russia called on everyone to uphold humanity's common values ​​of peace, development, justice, democracy and freedom, and to respect the right of all peoples to independently determine the development paths of their countries and to protect the sovereignty, security and development interests of all countries, to protect the UN-centric international system and international order based on international law, to strive for genuine multilateralism, with the UN and its Security Council playing a central and coordinating role, to promote to create a more democratic international system of relations and to guarantee peace, stability and sustainable development around the world.

◆ As a responsible big country, China's decisions and judgments on the Ukraine issue will be made independently based on the facts. China has made great efforts to ensure international peace and security, and is committed to promoting peace talks and de-escalating tensions. China reiterates that the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all countries should be respected, that the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter should be upheld, that all countries' legitimate security concerns should be taken seriously, and that all efforts should lead to a peaceful settlement of Conflicts and crises must be supported. China's position is objective, fair and in line with most countries' aspirations.

◆ Of the world's 233 sovereign countries and regions, 185 are not involved in sanctions against Russia. Among the more than 190 UN members, more than 140 countries, including NATO member Turkey, have refused to impose sanctions on Russia. The total population of countries and regions participating and not participating in anti-Russia sanctions is 1.1 billion versus 6.5 billion. Combined, those openly opposed to sanctions have a combined population of 4.8 billion.

According to a report by the British magazine The Economist, around two-thirds of the world's population do not support Western positions on Ukraine.

False 11: The United States is building new coalitions for regional peace and stability in the Indo-Pacific and created the Indo-Pacific Prosperity Economic Framework (IPEF) because it “shares the vision that the countries of the region and the people have the world dominate the region: one of a free and open Indo-Pacific.”

Reality-Check:The so-called US vision of a “free and open Indo-Pacific” is essentially a strategy to divide others, foment confrontation and undermine peace. It goes against the trend of the times in Asia-Pacific, that is, the trend of peaceful development and win-win cooperation.

◆ The US government's Indo-Pacific strategy is contradictory: the US claims to promote the region's “freedom and openness” as its goal, while actually uniting with allies to create a “five-four-three-two-one Formation of the Five Eyes, the Quadruple, AUKUS, bilateral alliances and IPEF form exclusive "small circles" and force the countries of the region to take sides.

AUKUS is helping Australia build nuclear-powered submarines and develop hypersonic weapons, raising the risk of a regional arms race. Under the pretense of fighting illegal fishing and keeping supply chains resilient, the Quad has vigorously pursued military cooperation and intelligence sharing. The United States has also encouraged NATO's engagement in the Asia-Pacific region. All of these are attempts to implement an “Asia-Pacific version of NATO” and promote an “integrated deterrent” against China.

◆ The Indo-Pacific strategy has caused growing concern and concern in many countries, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region. As reported by the BBC, in April 2021 New Zealand's Foreign Minister Nanaia Mahuta expressed New Zealand's uneasiness about the extension of the five-eyes mandate by putting pressure on China in this way, with New Zealand still preferring to maintain bilateral relations with China . At the US-ASEAN Special Summit, ASEAN countries emphasized their pursuit of peace and cooperation, not partisanship, division or confrontation.

◆ The United States has made it clear that IPEF will enable them to win the competition in the 21st century. This means that the IPEF  is designed to serve the US economy. The United States has long neglected the development of the Asia-Pacific Free Trade Area (FTAAP), abandoned the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), and refused to join the Comprehensive and Progressive Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP). This exposes the selfish nature of the US and its selective approach to international institutions. This is US self-interest, not for mutual benefit.

IPEF is a US political tool to consolidate its dominance in the regional economy. It is about dominating supply chains, value chains and new economic sectors, and marginalizing certain countries. The US has chosen to turn economic problems into political and ideological weapons, using the economy to force regional countries to side with China and the US.

US Trade Representative Katherine Tai has publicly stated that IPEF is an independent agreement from China. US Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo said IPEF marks the restoration of US economic leadership in the region and offers Indo-Pacific countries an alternative to China's approach. Earlier, he also said IPEF could harmonize export controls and other "poison pills," such as limiting the export of sensitive products to China.

IPEF seeks to establish US-led trade rules, restructure the industrial chain system, and economically and scientifically "decouple" regional countries from China. Many countries in the region are concerned, believing that the cost of such "decoupling" will be huge. Former Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad pointed out that a trade alliance that excludes the world's second largest economy is not conducive to closer multilateral trade cooperation in the Indo-Pacific. The United States' exclusion of China is not an economic issue, it is a political one.

◆ IPEF is hailed as a “menu approach” cooperation and actually pays little attention to the level of development and real needs of the countries in the region. It makes few concessions to developing countries on tariff reductions and market access, but forces the participating countries to accept the US's so-called high standards and its unilateral agenda. IPEF focuses solely on US self-interest and pays little attention to the needs of other parties. At IPEF there is no mutual benefit.

The Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) noted in its report "Regional Perspectives on the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework" that IPEF has little more to offer than expanding the US economic footprint in the region. It does not address the issues of most interest to the countries of the region. There is widespread concern that IPEF will only benefit the US while placing a heavy burden on participating countries in the region.

False 12: China has announced its aspiration to create a sphere of influence in the Pacific region . It promotes illegal maritime claims in the South China Sea and undermines peace and security, freedom of navigation and trade. The United States will continue to oppose Beijing's aggressive and illegal activities in the South and East China Seas. It will assist coastal states in the region in defending their rights at sea, work with allies and partners to defend freedom of navigation and overflight, and continue to fly and navigate where international law allows.

Reality-Check:China is committed to the path of peaceful development, the five principles of peaceful coexistence, and opposes the practice of the big and strong bullying the small and weak. By portraying China as a threat and using "freedom of navigation" as a pretext to undermine China's sovereignty, security, maritime rights and interests, the United States is actually the real threat to peace and security in the region.

◆ China upholds the equality of all countries regardless of size, respects each country's choice of development path appropriate to its national situation, and seeks no sphere of influence. China pursues a defensive defense policy and an active military defense strategy. In developing its defense capabilities, China aims to protect its sovereignty, security and development interests and does not attack any other country. The growth of China's defense capabilities strengthens the power for world peace.

◆ China is the first to have discovered, named, explored and exploited Nanhai Zhudao and relevant waters, and the first to have exercised sovereignty and jurisdiction over them continuously, peacefully and effectively. China's sovereignty over Nanhai Zhudao and its relevant rights and interests in the South China Sea have been established throughout history. Solidly grounded in history and law, they have been endorsed by successive Chinese governments and recognized by the international community. According to the 1943 Cairo Declaration and the 1945 Potsdam Proclamation, China illegally regained Japanese-occupied territories after World War II, including Xisha Qundao and Nansha Qundao, and has since asserted its sovereignty and strengthened the judiciary by adopting official names. the publication of maps, the creation of administrative units and the deployment of troops. . Resuming China's exercise of sovereignty over Nanhai Zhudao is a legitimate and legitimate act to inherit China's rights established throughout history. It is also part of the post-WWII international order and has been recognized by countries around the world, including the US.

◆ With the joint efforts of China and ASEAN countries, the overall situation in the South China Sea remains stable. With the full and effective implementation of the Statement on the Conduct of the Parties in the South China Sea (DOC), the Parties have intensified dialogue, properly managed differences, deepened cooperation and strengthened mutual trust, and made progress in promoting consultations on the Code of Conduct (COC ) in the South China Sea to jointly uphold peace and stability in the South China Sea and positively influence security, stability, and regional and global prosperity. Despite COVID-19, the parties held offline senior official meetings on DOC implementation and 10 video-linked joint working group meetings to advance consultations on the COC text. The first in-person COC consultations since COVID-19 took place in Cambodia last month. This positive progress speaks volumes for the determination and commitment of countries in the region to steadily advance consultations towards a COC.

(Video) The Illusion of Truth

◆ China respects and supports the freedom of navigation and overflight of all countries in the South China Sea in accordance with international law, and actively protects the safety and unhindered passage through international sea lanes. In fact, the South China Sea is one of the safest and freest shipping routes in the world. Fifty percent of the world's merchant ships and a third of international maritime trade pass through it, and more than 100,000 merchant ships pass through it annually. The freedom of navigation and overflight in the South China Sea has never been an issue.

◆ Diaoyu Dao and its islands are China's own territory. China's law enforcement and patrol missions in the waters off the Diaoyu Dao are legitimate measures by China to exercise its sovereignty in accordance with the law and necessary responses to Japanese provocations that violate China's sovereignty. No country or power should misjudge the Chinese government's unwavering determination to uphold sovereignty and territorial integrity. At the same time, China remains committed to appropriately addressing and solving problems through dialogue and consultation, and has made great efforts to maintain maritime stability. In 2014, a four-point principle consensus was reached between China and Japan on managing and improving China-Japan relations, including a clear agreement on how to deal with the situation around Diaoyu Dao and the East China Sea.

◆ Acting in the spirit of the  Monroe Doctrine, the US often uses power politics and acts of hegemony and intimidation to shamelessly undermine the international maritime order in order to maintain its maritime dominance. In the more than 240-year history of the United States, there have only been 16 years in which the country has not been at war with others. The United States operates more than 800 military bases in 80 countries and regions. Its military spending, which has surpassed the world for many consecutive years, accounts for a quarter of the world total and is equal to the combined military spending of the next nine countries. The US recently submitted a request for a national defense budget of approximately US$813 billion for fiscal year 2023. Such massive military spending makes the US the true “pace challenger” to the world.

◆ The United States ignores the history and facts surrounding the South China Sea, deliberately fueling disputes over territorial sovereignty and maritime rights and interests, and sowing discord among countries in the region. It has become the single largest power undermining stability and promoting militarization in the South China Sea. Data from relevant “organizations” shows that the scale of US close-in intelligence activities targeting China has more than doubled and more over the past decade. Currently, an average of five US warships sail near the Chinese coast every day. This year, US warships have sailed through the Taiwan Strait about once a month, and large US reconnaissance planes have flown near China more than 800 times, repeatedly violating China's airspace. Eager to stir up trouble in the South China Sea, the US has also encouraged its allies and partners to sail its warships into the South China Sea.

On October 2, 2021, the USSConnecticut, a nuclear submarine, had an underwater collision in the South China Sea. It wasn't until a week later that the US issued a vague statement claiming the submarine hit an unknown object. A month later, he said the submarine "ran aground on an unidentified seamount." The US Navy finally released a final report on the accident on May 23, 2022, but no clear explanation was offered in response to serious concerns and questions raised by many, including the submarine's intent, the exact location of the accident, whether the submarine entered exclusive economic zones (EEZ) e including territorial waters of other countries and whether the accident caused a nuclear leak or damaged the marine environment.

◆ The United States began its Freedom of Navigation (FON) program in 1979 prior to signing UNCLOS. In defiance of the new maritime order, the measure aimed to "maximize" the US military's freedom to "destroy" the oceans. The FON program is not in accordance with generally accepted international law, ignores the sovereignty, security and maritime rights and interests of the numerous riparian states and seriously threatens peace and stability in the region. His goal is to promote US supremacy at sea under the guise of “freedom of navigation”. Many members of the international community, particularly developing countries, have expressed strong opposition to the FON program.

False 13: Chinese government officials spread disinformation.

Reality-Check:China is the main victim of disinformation, while the US is the biggest source of disinformation spreading.

◆ With the sharp confrontation between Republicans and Democrats, the usual lies, finger pointing and finger pointing among politicians have become part of America's political ecology. A poll by the Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research and the University of Chicago's Pearson Institute shows that nearly half of respondents blame the US government for spreading misinformation.

◆ The United States has used disinformation to fight multiple wars around the world to further its hegemonic agenda. Colin Powell, then US Secretary of State, accused Iraq of possessing weapons of mass destruction using a test tube of "washing powder". The United States accused the Syrian government of using biochemical weapons against its own people with fake White Helmet videos.

In 2019, then-US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo publicly stated, "We lied, we cheated, we stole... we had entire training sessions. It reminds you of the glory of the American experiment.”

On May 4, 2022, Republican Senator Rand Paul bluntly spoke at a Senate hearing: “Do you know who is the biggest spreader of disinformation in world history? The United States Government”.

◆ Manipulation by US politicians has seriously undermined media credibility. A 2020 Gallup poll shows that 60 percent of Americans remain very distrustful of the media, including 33 percent who don't trust it at all, up 5 percentage points from 2019.

◆ The United States has repeatedly fabricated numerous lies and rumors on issues related to pedigrees, Xinjiang, Tibet, Hong Kong, democracy, and human rights, including the so-called "lab leak theory," "genocide," and "forced labor." . ', all of which have been defeated by the facts.

Since the outbreak of the Russia-Ukraine conflict, the US has continued to spread disinformation about China and make baseless allegations against China in order to evade responsibility for initiating the conflict with NATO's eastward expansion. The New York Times  quoted anonymous senior US officials as saying China had prior knowledge of Russia's military operation in Ukraine. Ambassador Linda Thomas-Greenfield, the US representative to the United Nations, told a Security Council meeting that China had been spreading false information in support of Russia. This is pure fabrication and slander. Meanwhile, as part of its fierce hunt for voices other than its own tweets, the US has added special labels that share links to Chinese media reports while ignoring Western media outlets that actually spread lies.

◆ The United States has used disinformation as a political tool to attack and suppress China, creating a supply chain of anti-China rhetoric that combines dirty financing, misrepresentations, and massive smear campaigns. On the surface, this anti-China rhetoric comes from certain media outlets and politicians, but behind it lies a vast, capital-driven supply chain: some US institutions and organizations, Chinese groups and individuals; Some think tanks and academic institutions fabricate facts-misrepresenting stories to foment anti-Chinese rhetoric around the world through Western hegemony in public opinion; and politicians and the media act as mouthpieces, spreading lies and untruths about China in massive smear campaigns.

Adrian Zenz and the Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI), both of whom fabricate numerous lies related to Xinjiang, are typical examples of such “lie makers”.

Adrian Zenz is a member of a far-right group established by the US government and a key member of an anti-China research institute set up and manipulated by US intelligence. Its alleged coverage of Xinjiang lacks credibility and intellectual merit. or academic integrity at all.

As reported by the media, the US State Department and arms manufacturers are ASPI's top foreign sponsors. Funding from the US Department of State alone totaled almost A$1.4 million per year, all of which was used for China-focused research projects. ASPI spread a variety of lies and misinformation on issues related to ancestry tracing, Xinjiang, and data security.

◆ In addition to constantly spreading disinformation about China, the US has also taken measures to suppress and contain China based on such disinformation, including China-related bills and sanctions. In December 2021, under the guise of its alleged "forced labor" concerns, the US enacted the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Law, which imposed a total ban on imports from Xinjiang. This is a malicious attempt to denigrate the human rights situation in Xinjiang and a grave violation of international law and fundamental norms of international relations.

◆ China has used facts and figures to tell the truth and refute the lies and rumors created and spread by the US. Their goal is to hear the truth, not spread disinformation. Instead of looking at the basic facts, the US has acted in its own interest and labeled any views that differ from its own as "disinformation". This is essentially hegemony and bullying in the realm of public opinion.

Falsehood 14: China evades or violates trade rules and its economic manipulations have cost American workers millions of jobs, hurting workers and businesses in the United States and around the world. The United States will oppose market-distorting policies and practices, such as subsidies and market entry barriers, that the Chinese government has used for years to gain competitive advantage.

Reality-Check:China has scrupulously fulfilled the commitments it made by joining the WTO. China defends, builds and contributes to the multilateral trading system. China-US economic and trade relations are by their very nature mutually beneficial. However, the US's rampant suppression of China on trade and investment has been the main cause of trade tensions between the two countries, which have harmed others without benefiting themselves.

◆ In the more than 20 years since joining the WTO, China has seriously honored its accession commitments. It has introduced the pre-establishment national treatment management system nationwide and a negative list, further expanded market access, lowered the overall tariff level from 15.3% to 7.4%, and opened nearly 120 sectors in the service industry.

In October 2021, the WTO conducted the eighth review of China's trade policies and practices. The review report recognized China's efforts to uphold the multilateral trading system and its active role in the WTO. He hailed China's achievements in areas such as trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, further opening-up and progress under the Belt and Road Initiative.

A senior official at the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development pointed out that over the past two decades, China has firmly supported the rules-based multilateral trading system, practiced genuine multilateralism, fully participated in WTO negotiations, and held negotiations in areas such as investment facilitation and e-commerce and endeavored to keep WTO rules up to date.

◆ Recognizing the trend of regional and global economic integration, China has deepened economic and trade ties with countries around the world, signed free trade agreements and accelerated the construction of free trade zones. So far, China has signed 19 free trade agreements with 26 countries and regions.

◆ China has actively deepened supply-side structural reform. It has achieved the target set in the 13th Five-Year Plan to eliminate 150 million tons of steel overcapacity two years ahead of schedule, which is 1.14 times the world total of steel overcapacity. The process involved the reinstatement of 280,000 Chinese steelworkers, more than the total number of steelworkers in the US, Europe and Japan.

◆ China and the US have highly complementary economies, deeply integrated interests, and mutually beneficial economic and trade ties. In 2021, bilateral trade surpassed a record $750 billion. The 2022 US Exports Report released by the US-China Business Council shows that exports of goods to China rose 21 percent in 2021 to $149 billion and created 858,000 jobs, according to the China-US General Chamber of Commerce. over a million jobs in the United States. Research by the US-China Business Council showed that Chinese exports have helped reduce the price for the US consumer by 1 to 1.5 percent, saving each US household $850 a year.

◆ By blaming China for its own economic woes, the US launched a trade and tariff war against China that only backfired. US tariffs against China have cost US companies more than US$1.7 trillion in market capitalization and increased average household spending by US$1,300 per year. A 2021 US-China Business Council report finds that the trade war with China has resulted in the loss of 245,000 US jobs. A report by Moody's Investor Service was quoted as saying that US consumers lost 92.4 percent of the Chinese goods bear the cost of imposing tariffs. Paul Krugman, Nobel laureate in economics, has sharply pointed out that US trade policy with China has failed and that tariffs are hurting the US more than intended.

On May 18, 2022, the National Retail Federation (NRF) wrote to President Biden, urging him to eliminate tariffs that the letter said could lower consumer prices by as much as 1.3 percent. US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen said some tariffs on China are hurting American consumers and businesses, and cutting tariffs is worth considering to bring down US inflation.

The obstacles to economic and trade cooperation between China and the United States come mainly from the US side. More than 1,000 Chinese companies have been put on his lists for unfair practices or sanctions. The United States Congress has introduced more than 300 negative bills related to China. The planned bipartisan innovation law, still in development, aims primarily to curb China's economic growth.

◆ The US arbitrarily blames China for its industrial subsidy policy, but the country itself was one of the first to develop such a policy, including subsidies, etc. Successive US administrations have drawn up plans to support emerging industries. Through tax breaks, government contracts, and other means, US governments have meddled in the market to encourage government-business collaboration and encourage technology transfer. In the 1950s and 1960s, the US undertook special programs to encourage the development of its aerospace and military industries. In the 1990s, the Clinton administration supported the growth of high-tech industries with the Information Superhighway plan. Such an industrial policy is still practiced in the USA today. A report by the Center for Strategic and International Studies finds that the US and its allies and partners in Europe and Asia have increased subsidies for industries such as semiconductors, electric car batteries and pharmaceuticals to bolster support for domestic companies.

◆ The United States poses the greatest challenge to the world trading system. In accordance with the “America First” policy, the United States has refused to assume its due obligations under multilateral trade agreements and has withdrawn from international treaties and organizations, hampering the development and seriously affects the operation of the world trading system. A WTO dispute settlement report has identified the US as the biggest rule-breaker, responsible for two-thirds of WTO rule-breaking. The United States also blocked the appointment of new judges to the WTO Appellate Body, leading to a standstill of the Appellate Body since December 2019.

False 15: The United States will give countries an alternative option to get rid of opaque investments that leave them in debt.

Reality-Check:In providing foreign aid, China always respects the sovereignty of recipient countries, does not impose conditions, and strives for win-win results. Chinese aid has brought real benefits to the relevant developing countries and won their recognition and appreciation.

◆ The so-called Chinese "debt trap" is a narrative trap that the US and some other Western countries use to slander and slander China and disrupt China's cooperation with other developing countries. As article 2021 inthe AtlanticHe points out that the debt trap narrative is just a lie invented by some Western politicians and a powerful lie.

Western capital is the developing world's largest creditor. According to World Bank international debt statistics for 2022, 28.8% of Africa's outstanding external debt is owed to multilateral financial institutions and 41.8% to commercial creditors, composed mostly of Western financial institutions. Together, these two types of institutions hold nearly three-quarters of the debt, making them the largest holders of Africa's debt.

According to the director of the China Africa Research Initiative (CARI) at Johns Hopkins University in the US, after analyzing thousands of Chinese loan documents, mostly for projects in Africa, CARI has found no evidence that China is intentionally pushing poor countries into debt around it confiscate property or gain a larger stake in their internal affairs. CARI figures show that China holds 17 percent of Africa's total external debt, far less than the West.

No African country has been forced to use its strategic resources, such as ports or mines, as collateral for financing cooperation with China. DW points out that non-compliance by African countries does not give China the right to use the relevant infrastructure.

◆ The debt issue is essentially a development issue. The key to solving this problem is to ensure that the loans are of real benefit.

Let's take Africa as an example. Western financing for Africa is largely concentrated in non-productive areas, and most loans are linked to political conditions, such as human rights and judicial reforms. They have failed to really promote economic development, increase government tax revenues and improve the balance of payments. Rather, they served as instruments of control and caused harm in Africa.

China always respects the will of the African people and considers the real needs of African countries. Chinese investments and financing for Africa are mainly focused on infrastructure construction and production-related areas. At the beginning of the 21st century, China has been actively working to support Africa's economic development, providing an alternative to the traditional Paris Club funding channels. This  has helped Africa  strengthen its capacity for self-generated and self-reliant development and ushered in a golden era of high-speed economic growth for 20 consecutive years.

Johns Hopkins University Professor Deborah Brautigam highlighted the diversification of Chinese investments. In 2014 alone, Chinese companies signed construction contracts in Africa worth more than US$70 billion to build vital infrastructure such as hospitals, oil and gas pipelines and airports.

According to preliminary statistics, between 2000 and 2020, China has helped African countries build more than 13,000 kilometers of highways and railways and more than 80 large power plants, funded more than 130 medical institutions, 45 sports facilities and more than 170 schools. and trained more than 160,000 professionals in various fields for Africa.

The Nairobi Expressway project, built by Chinese companies in Kenya through a public-private partnership, has created more than 6,000 local jobs and benefited more than 200 subcontractors and several hundred local suppliers. The Kenyan government hailed the project as an important manifestation of mutually beneficial and win-win cooperation between Kenya and China.

Nigeria's Lekki Deep Sea Port project, built with Chinese participation, has created more than 1,200 local jobs and is expected to create 170,000 more directly and indirectly upon completion.

A study by Hong Kong scientists found that more than 80 percent of the employees surveyed at Chinese companies in Africa are native Africans.

A team from the London School of Economics and Political Science concludes that Chinese investments in Africa have produced "significant and sustained positive long-term effects".

A study by the RAND Corporation shows that in the BRI region, a rail link between trading partners improved overall exports by 2.8 percent.

◆ China attaches great importance to the debt sustainability of projects. In 2017 he signed theGuiding Principles for Funding Development of the Belt and Roadwith 26 countries participating in the BRI. In 2019, China launched theDebt Sustainability Framework for countries participating in the Belt and Road Initiative. Starting from the debt situation and solvency of the debtor countries, and following the principles of eye-to-eye consultation, compliance with laws and regulations, openness and transparency, the framework aims to strengthen the monitoring and evaluation of the economic, social and livelihood benefits of the projects and direct government loans to areas with high returns to ensure the long-term viability of the projects. China has also made proactive efforts to ease the burden on debtor countries.

According to the World Bank, China provided 71 debt restructurings for low-income countries between 2008 and 2021. In 2020, China actively responded to the G20 Debt Service Initiative (DSSI), defaulting on more than US$1.3 billion, or nearly 30% of the G20 total, in that year alone, making it the largest contributor among G20 members. . China has signed debt suspension agreements or reached mutual debt suspension agreements with 19 African countries and has actively participated in the case-based debt settlement for Chad and Ethiopia under the G20 joint framework.

◆ The United States and some other Western countries, instead of taking action themselves, point the finger at China for providing aid. This has led to much dissatisfaction in developing countries in general.

Professor Samita Hattige, an adviser to the Sri Lanka National Education Commission, said in an interview with the Global Times that the Chinese loans are based on the needs of the Sri Lankan government and aim to improve Sri Lanka's infrastructure. The loans have brought about major changes in the economy and livelihoods of the people of Sri Lanka and there is no such thing as a 'debt trap'. China's share of Sri Lanka's foreign debt is around 10 percent. Apparently, some media chose to ignore this fact. While the "China debt trap" touted by Western media seems understandable to the naked eye, it has deliberately eluded the tremendous economic values ​​that improved infrastructure has created, such as economic development and increased jobs and investment.

The article “Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Nepal need China for development” published by Sri Lankan Daily News on January 17, 2022 says: “South Asia needs China in its development process because China is synonymous with the term 'development ' is. China's Belt and Road Initiative brings benefits to almost all South Asian countries.” “In the case of Sri Lanka,” the article says, “Sri Lanka is a beneficiary of Chinese projects. Many only talk about the Chinese debt trap in this context, but nobody mentions the Chinese development activities in Sri Lanka." "They have invested heavily in seaports, airports,... national highways and power distribution centers. ”

Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni stated in a 2022 interview with Nikkei that “Africa has had (debt) problems for the last 600 years because of slave trade, colonialism, neocolonialism, and none of that comes from China”. "China supported Africans' struggle against colonialism before it began economic activity on the continent."

Rwanda's President Paul Kagame noted that China's presence in Africa is different from other countries: "I don't think China has forced any country in Africa to take its money to accumulate the kind of debt that it can find in some countries “.

Nigerian Foreign Minister Geoffrey Onyeama said Nigeria chose Chinese companies for infrastructure projects because they had experience and offered competitive prices. "So the issue of Chinese influence doesn't really come into play.

False 16: For too long, Chinese companies have had much greater access to our markets than our companies in China. American companies operating in China have been subjected to forced and systematic technology transfer, while Chinese companies in the United States have been protected by our rule of law.

Reality-Check:China strives to promote a conducive business environment based on market principles, regulated by law and in line with international standards. While China's business environment continues to improve, the business environment for Chinese companies doing business in the US continues to deteriorate.

◆ China has seen the most significant improvement in the business environment of any economy. In recent years, China has made continuous efforts to shorten the foreign investment negative list, improve investment promotion and protection institutions and information reporting institutions, and step up intellectual property protection, and has become one of the economies in relation to on the ease of doing business has improved the most. With the continuous improvement of the business environment and its large domestic market, China is a powerful magnet for cross-border investments from all over the world. The number of newly established foreign-invested enterprises in China is steadily increasing. From 2012 to 2021, the number of foreign-invested enterprises in China rose from 441,000 to 664,000, an increase of more than 50 percent. According to thatmake transactionsIn the 2020 report released by the World Bank Group, China ranked 31st in the ease of doing business category, improving 47 spots in two years. theSurvey on the business climate of European companies in China 2021The report, released by the European Union Chamber of Commerce in China (EUCCC), shows that the majority of European companies surveyed rated the enforcement of intellectual property rights in China as “adequate” or “excellent”, setting a record for satisfaction.

◆ Foreign companies, including US companies, doing business in China are best placed to determine whether China's business environment is good or not. the2022 China Business Climate Survey Reportfrom the American Chamber of Commerce in China (AmCham China) shows that 58 percent of US companies in China saw their operating income grow in 2021; 66 percent of companies plan to increase investment in China this year; and China remains one of the top three priorities in global investment planning for 60% of companies. The recently releasedUSCBC Membership Survey 2021shows that 95 percent of respondents remained profitable in their businesses in China; and 74 percent of companies have made China a top priority or one of the top five markets in their business strategy. In the first four months of 2022, U.S. real investment in China grew 53.2% yoy. These numbers speak volumes about foreign companies' optimism about China's economic prospects, their appreciation of China's strong business environment and their confidence in building a long-term business in the Chinese market.

◆ In order to maintain its hegemony and economic interests, the US has abused its national power in violation of market economy principles and international trade rules, resorting to all possible means to suppress and contain Chinese companies. The US government has concocted all sorts of lies, including "forced labor" to take down Xinjiang's cotton, tomato and PV industries. According to preliminary statistics, in 2021 the US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) issued seven clearance orders (WROs) for the export of “forced labor” manufactured goods to the US, including clothing, textiles, tomato seeds and canned tomatoes. , ketchup and other cotton or tomato products, silica-based products and electronic products manufactured in Xinjiang, and confiscated or confiscated goods worth $485 million, which is significantly higher in both volume and value compared to 2020 The US administration has already surpassed its predecessor in the scale and scope of sanctions imposed on China over Xinjiang-related matters.

◆ The United States has imposed extensive restrictions on the financing and operations of Chinese companies in the United States through opaque and unfair administrative means. According to official US statistics, the US has so far placed 1,055 Chinese companies and individuals (excluding overseas affiliates) on various types of sanctions lists, including 467 on the Entity List, 306 on the Blocked Person List and Special Designated Nationals (SDN) List. , 201 on the Unverified List (UVL), 68 on the Non-SDN Chinese Military-Industrial Complex Companies List (NS-CMIC) and a few other companies. Last February, the Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) included WeChat and AliExpress in its latest list of notorious marketplaces, while Pinduoduo and other Chinese companies and nine physical marketplaces from China remained on the list.

Falsehood 17: China uses the openness of US economies to spy on, hack and steal technology and knowledge to advance China's military innovation, entrench its surveillance state and increase technological dependence on other countries. America must ensure that technology is rooted in democratic values.

(Video) The Problem with Jordan Peterson

Reality-Check:China's innovation and technological development is based on its own investment and effort. The United States draws ideological boundaries in “scientific and technological” exchanges and cooperation, and this embodies its Cold War mentality.

◆ China is a major global innovator with a leading innovation entry and growth rate. According to statistics, China's social R&D investment reached 2.7864 trillion yuan in 2021, up 14.2 percent year on year. A total of 696,000 invention patents were approved in 2021, up 31.3% year-on-year. The 2021 Global Innovation Index (GII) published by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) shows that China's global innovation performance ranking has risen from 35th to 12th. China is now home to 19 of the world's 100 major science and technology corporations, worldwide second place. Chinese applicants filed 69,500 international patent applications, making China the world's No. 1 for three consecutive years. The European Patent Office (EPO) registered 16,665 applications from China in 2021, up 24 percent year-on-year and the largest increase among major patent filing countries.

◆ In recent years, China has actively integrated into the global science and technology innovation network and has achieved fruitful results in technology and people-to-people exchanges within the framework of the Belt and Road. In addition, China has also been actively working to accede to the Hague Agreement and the Marrakesh Treaty, and to play its part in the global governance of intellectual property rights. The 2021 Business Confidence Survey published by the EUCCC shows that more than half of the companies surveyed rate the enforcement of intellectual property rights in China as “adequate” or “excellent”.

◆ Throughout history, the US has repeatedly stolen intellectual property and reaped dividends from technological developments in a variety of ways, including extracting information, offering immigration status, and monopolizing patents.

After World War II, the US launched Operation Paperclip to strip Germany of its technology patents, including those for advanced aircraft and missile control. Almost all German authorities, research and development institutes and large companies were looted and German scientists were forced to emigrate to the USA.

In the 1990s, US intelligence agencies installed spy devices in Japanese negotiators' cars during auto trade talks to intercept inside information and gain an advantage in the negotiations.

In 2001, the European company Airbus sued the American company Boeing for tracking the phones, faxes and emails of Airbus employees for industrial espionage using the electronic surveillance system called Echelon, developed by the US National Security Agency (NSA). became

In 2013, the US Department of Justice arrested four Alstom executives in an attempt to force the French company to sell its core power and grid business to US company General Electric.

In 2021, the Danish media revealed that the US NSA was wiretapping senior officials and business leaders in European countries via internet facilities in Denmark.

In addition, taking advantage of the "chip shortage," the US has set deadlines to force major chipmakers from different countries to provide key information, including orders, customers, and inventory, to turn the tide in the chip sector.

◆ While claiming to advocate “peace” and “openness,” the US has pointlessly erected technology barriers, built the so-called “democratic technology alliance,” politicized science and technology on ideological issues, and formed small exclusive group circles by almost identifying themselves 20 Categories as controlled critical technologies, including biotechnology and artificial intelligence, the US has tightened export controls and investment screening. It has also stretched the concept of national security to curb and even strangle the development of high-tech industries in other countries, seriously violating the right of developing countries to advance the advancement of science and technology.

Falsehood 18: Climate is not about ideology. It's about math. If China sticks to its current plan and doesn't peak emissions by 2030, the rest of the world needs to reach zero by 2035. And that's just not possible.

Reality-Check:The United States has an undeniable responsibility when it comes to climate change and reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. You must not transfer responsibility to others or practice “double standards”.

◆ Developed countries have an undeniable historical responsibility for climate change due to their unlimited emissions during more than two centuries of industrialization. From 1850 to 2011, developed countries contributed 79 percent of global carbon emissions. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement require developed countries to pay off their historic debts.

◆ Historically, developing countries are not the main emitters of greenhouse gases, but the victims of climate change. The principle of shared but differentiated responsibility is the cornerstone of global climate policy. Given that developed and developing countries do not share the same historical responsibilities in relation to climate change and have different development needs and capacities, it would be inappropriate and unfair to impose the same constraints on them. Wera Mori, Minister of Environmental Protection and Climate Change of Papua New Guinea (PNG) , said on the sidelines of COP26 that countries like PNG have been victims of climate change caused by the industrialization of developed countries and are now suffering the consequences of their actions. which is absolutely unfair.

◆ In the fight against climate change, China is not only a responsible player, but also a serious player. President Xi Jinping has specifically pledged that China will strive to achieve peak carbon emissions by 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality by 2060. This means that China will reach its highest CO2 emission level in just 30 years, while the timeline set by the EU, US and Japan is 2.4, 1.4 and 1.2 times that of in China.

China has made a remarkable contribution to global efforts in energy conservation, energy efficiency, renewable energy, transportation and construction, ranging from 30 to 50 percent. By the end of 2020, China's CO2 emissions per unit of GDP fell by 48.4 percent from 2005 levels. The share of coal in total energy consumption fell from 67 percent in 2005 to 56.8 percent in 2020. The cumulative installed capacity of the renewable energy generation exceeded 1 billion kilowatts, accounting for 43.5 percent of the national total. Chinese companies occupied 15 spots in the list of the world's top 20 photovoltaic companies, including the top 5, and seven spots in the list of the top 10 wind power companies. In the past decade, China has dismantled 120 million kilowatts of coal-fired capacity, more than the United Kingdom's total installed electricity capacity. By the end of 2021, new energy vehicle ownership in China had exceeded 7.84 million units, and 2.95 million units were registered in 2021, accounting for 11.25 percent of all vehicles registered that year.

The share of renewables in China's energy mix has already surpassed that of the US: By the end of 2019, China's total installed capacity of hydroelectric, wind and solar power had reached 756 million kilowatts, 2.8 times the share of renewable energy in the US at 12.7 percent of China's primary energy consumption, about 1.4 times that of the US.

◆ The United States is the world's largest cumulative emitter of greenhouse gases, with per capita CO2 emissions 3.3 times the world average. In the 270 years from 1750 to 2019, the US emitted a total of 412.5 billion tons of greenhouse gases, which is about 1/4 of the world total. The United States has generated the largest cumulative emissions in the world, almost double those of China. Here are some stats: The all-time peak US GHG emissions per capita was 23.44 tons; In 2018, US per capita emissions were 16.85 tons, while China's was 7.56 tons. Despite its status as a major manufacturing nation, China's current per capita CO2 emissions are less than half those of the US, and its cumulative per capita emissions are only about 1/8 those of the US, even by 2030, when China's CO2 emissions have peaked, the country's CO2 emissions per capita will still be around 7-8 tons. For comparison, when the US reached its CO2 peak in 2005, its CO2 emissions per capita had already reached 14 tons.

◆ In June 2017, the US announced its decision to withdraw from the Paris Agreement and in November 2020 it formally withdrew from the agreement. Such a move has seriously undermined the equity, efficiency and effectiveness of global climate governance. The United States stayed out of the Paris Agreement until February 2021. Despite the improved political stance, the greenhouse gas emissions caused simply cannot be reversed. Instead of cutting emissions, the US produced more emissions in 2021 than in 2020, moving further away from the Paris Agreement trajectory. By changing course on such an existential issue, the US has fully exposed its utilitarian approach to major policy issues and lost its credibility in the family of nations.

◆ It is the inescapable moral responsibility of developed countries to provide means for developing countries to better cope with climate change. In Copenhagen 2009 and Cancun 2010, developed countries committed to the goal of collectively mobilizing $100 billion per year by 2020 to meet the needs of developing countries. More than ten years have passed and the developed countries have never really fulfilled their obligation. The report of a well-known international think tank shows that the industrialized countries not only missed their collective climate finance target every year, but also juggled with numbers and provided far less funding than officially published figures. Remarkably, the US made less than 20% of its due contribution.

◆ For years, the US has publicly said it wants to work with China on climate change, but its actions say otherwise. While demanding that China use less coal, he urges China to continue buying coal from him; While calling for the development of renewable energy, it imposes sanctions on Chinese photovoltaic companies. Let's take photovoltaic products as an example. Since 2012, the US has levied anti-dumping and countervailing duties on Chinese PV products at rates of between 34 and 47 percent. In December 2014, the US conducted anti-dumping and countervailing investigations against Chinese PV manufacturers. In January 2018, the previous US administration decided to impose global protective tariffs on solar panel imports worth US$8.5 billion. In late 2021, the US enacted the so-called Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act, another attempt to thwart the PV industry in Xinjiang under the guise of human rights. The corresponding US measures have not only prevented normal trade in photovoltaic products and disrupted normal supply chains, but also undermined global efforts to combat climate change. The United States must correct its wrong practices to create a favorable environment for climate cooperation with China.

◆ Climate change has posed serious challenges to human survival and development, and must be addressed through global cooperation. Developed countries, including the US, must respect the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and follow the requirements of the Paris Agreement. They must face up to their historical responsibilities and raise the level of their ambitions and actions. They must lead the way in achieving significant emissions reductions and strive to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. In the meantime, they must give developing countries adequate space for development and emissions, and fulfill their commitments to provide developing countries with adequate financing. , technology and capacity-building support. Based on the fulfillment of funding promises and the use of public funds, efforts can be made to encourage the development of green finance and attract private investment in low-carbon sectors. It is also important to create national, regional and global carbon markets and carbon pricing mechanisms, reduce costs and increase emission reduction levels, encourage technological innovation and sustainable development, and provide developing countries with stable sources of financing for mitigation and capacity. -Construction through the benefit-sharing mechanism of carbon markets.

False 19: To combat illicit and illegal narcotics, particularly synthetic opioids such as fentanyl, we aim to work with China to prevent international drug trafficking organizations from obtaining precursor chemicals, many of which originate in China.

Reality-Check:The United States is responsible for the leading cause of fentanyl abuse in the country.

◆ Substance abuse, a chronic disease plaguing the United States, has deep historical and social roots.

With five percent of the world's population, the US uses 80 percent of the world's opiates, making the country the world's largest drug market. There is a prevailing tradition of prescription painkiller abuse in the United States, supported by a chain of pharmaceutical companies, medical officials and physicians. All-out marketing by drug companies, over-prescribing, ineffective government crackdowns, and the negative impact of marijuana legalization are among the factors behind an ever-expanding drug market. Opioid abuse in the US and its growing numbers began with OxyContin, an opioid pain reliever manufactured by Purdue Pharma and approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1995. When it comes to discouraging demand and curbing production, the US is doing a lot more.

While the US has the most acute fentanyl challenge in the world, it is also the largest producer and consumer of fentanyl and has yet to officially classify fentanyl-related substances. However, she continued to urge other countries to take action. This is a typical example of "forcing others to take medication for their illness".

◆The Chinese government has a zero-tolerance approach to narcotics and strictly regulates anaesthetics, psychotropic substances and their precursors. By the end of 2021, China added 37 drug precursors and ephedrine-related substances to its control list, which became even longer than the UN list. China strictly regulates the import and export of chemicals according to international standards and its national laws, and its efforts and achievements in this regard are visible to all.

On May 1, 2019, the Chinese government became the first country in the world to establish fentanyl-related substance classes, although there has been no widespread fentanyl abuse or imminent danger in China. This is an important follow-up to the joint agreements between the Chinese and US presidents and a concrete example of how China is actively responding to US concerns about the health, safety and well-being of humanity and is helping it address his domestic opioid crisis.

On July 1, 2021, the China class scheduled all synthetic cannabinoids and 18 other psychoactive substances, including fluoroketamine. On September 20 of the same year, six more chemicals including methyl alpha phenylacetoacetate (MAPA) were added as drug precursors. China is making continuous efforts to regulate precursors in accordance with the law.

China has taken a series of measures to crack down on the trade in fentanyl and other planned chemicals, including introducing real-name registration of senders and recipients, screening packages and X-ray inspection in the express delivery industry. Border controls on packages to certain destinations, including the US These measures have paid off.

After the classification of fentanyl-related substances, China's National Narcotics Control Commission and the Ministry of Public Security have maintained close, open and thorough cooperation with their US counterparts, including the National Narcotics Control Policy Office, White House Drugs, Department of State Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs and the Drug Enforcement Administration. As of September 2019, the US has not seized any fentanyl-related substances from China. The United States has expressed its gratitude to China on many occasions, and has identified drug control as a prominent point in bilateral law enforcement cooperation.

It is well known that the responsibility for preventing the importation of unscheduled chemicals and their use in the illicit manufacture of drugs rests with the importing country. However, the United States would not officially schedule fentanyl or address the issue of domestic consumption. Instead, it chose to shift the blame by falsely claiming that "fentanyl precursors used by drug trafficking organizations originated in China" and made unscheduled chemicals a problem. This reflects an ulterior motive and an extreme lack of responsibility for the life and health of its own people.

◆ In May 2020, the United States added the Institute of Forensic Sciences of the Chinese Ministry of Public Security and the National Narcotics Laboratory to its Entity List without providing any evidence. Such a practice of seeking China's cooperation while simultaneously imposing sanctions on China's drug control agencies has seriously hampered the operation of China's fentanyl surveillance system and undermined Sino-US anti-narcotics cooperation

As China and the rest of the world tighten control over fentanyl-related substances, fentanyl-related problems in the US are worsening and causing a rising number of deaths. It exposes the failure of the US to get to the heart of the problem of fentanyl abuse. China has acted in good faith, repeatedly advising the US to follow effective practices widely recognized by the international community, such as B. Tightening regulations on prescribing fentanyl and raising public awareness.

False 20: As a global food crisis threatens people around the world, we look to China, a country that has made great strides in agriculture, for help in a global response.

Reality-Check:The United States has long restricted grain exports and monopolized the grain trade. After the conflict between Russia and Ukraine erupted, the US expanded arms aid and abused unilateral sanctions, further exacerbating global food shortages. It bears an inescapable responsibility for the global food crisis.

◆ US-driven deglobalization, grain-for-energy production policies, and food oligopolies are the main causes of the global food crisis.

The US has used its status as a major grain producer to restrict grain exports to other countries, disrupting normal global grain trade. The 12 largest grain producers such as the US, Canada and the European Union account for 70 percent of world grain production and exports. In global trade relations, the United States and other Western countries attach great importance to whether developing countries can buy grain and at what price.

The United States consumes grain for the production of biofuels, which is straining the world's food supply, particularly that of agricultural crops. Almost a third of the corn produced in the US is used for biofuels. Using grains as an energy substitute results in fewer grains for the global food supply, creating a vicious cycle in which food and energy prices mutually feed each other.

The four largest grain suppliers - ADM, Bunge, Cargill  and Louis Dreyfus - monopolize more than 80% of the world grain trade and control global agricultural commodities, grain production, processing and supply. These four grain suppliers, three from the US, are manipulating international grain prices and deriving additional profit from volatility in world food prices. Since 2021, their net income is up 53%, 80%, 64%, and 47.7%, respectively, and ADM's and Bunge's stock prices have nearly tripled. These international food oligopolies are out for profit and will not miss an opportunity to fuel food safety problems and inflate food shortages for further profit.

◆ The United States fueled the Russia-Ukraine conflict and abused economic sanctions. These have exacerbated global food shortages.

The protracted conflict between Russia and Ukraine is a direct result of constant incitement by the US and other Western countries. US military and arms aid to Ukraine rose to $53.6 billion, more than 70% of Russia's and Ukraine's combined military spending in 2021. The longer and more widespread the conflict, the greater its impact on the world Food supply and production. it will be, and the food crisis will deepen even further.

In the face of a global food crisis, major grain-producing countries like the US have kept their "grain sacks" tight. According to the Global Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates report released by the US Department of Agriculture in May, US wheat exports in 2021/22 will be 18.9 percent lower than last year. According to the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), since the conflict broke out between Russia and Ukraine, the total volume of food exports affected by the restrictions has increased significantly and now accounts for about 17 percent of the world's traded calories.

The US Food Security Initiative is more empty words than concrete actions, only to fragment the governance of global food security. Russia is a major exporter of agricultural crops and the world's largest exporter of fertilizers. Since the US and other Western countries imposed sanctions on Russia, the price index of various fertilizers has risen by more than 30 percent, severely affecting agricultural production. From 2021 to 2022, Russia's wheat and barley exports account for 16% and 12.9% of the world's total exports, respectively. Statistics from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) show that the food price index rose 14 percent in May this year from February since the United States imposed sanctions on Russia.

◆ Substantial food waste in the US has exacerbated global food shortages.

First of all, the amount of food waste is staggering. According to the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), 30 to 40 percent of the food supply and 38 percent of grain products in the United States are never eaten each year. In 2018, the US wasted 103 million tons of its food, worth $161 billion. In 2020, the country's food waste per capita was 59 kilograms.

Second, the distribution is uneven. As of 2020, approximately 38 million people are food insecure in the United States, and the majority of them are African American, Hispanic, and Native American. According to National Geographic, more than a third of low-income households do not have access to the US government's Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.

Third, secondary problems stand out. Each year, overproduction of food in the United States places a tremendous strain on the environment and wastes numerous resources, including more than 9.3 million hectares of farmland, 50 trillion liters of water, 800 million pounds of pesticides, and 15 million metric tons of chemical fertilizers. .

◆ China has made significant contributions to global food security. It has provided a fifth of the world's population with a quarter of all the world's food, on less than 9 percent of the world's arable land. China's proposed global development initiative has identified food security as one of eight priority areas for cooperation. China will mobilize the efforts of all parties around the world to leverage each other's strengths and form the greatest possible synergy to achieve all the goals of sustainable development, including food security. This initiative has received a positive response from more than 100 countries around the world and international organizations such as the UN.

◆ Chinese attach great importance to food and uphold the traditional virtue of thrift. President Xi Jinping attaches great importance to food safety. He has appealed to business and spoken out against waste, stressing on several occasions the need to end food waste. Since the launch of the national Clean Your Plate campaign in 2013, consumer food waste in China has been significantly reduced. According to Nature magazine, the amount of food wasted in Chinese restaurants has fallen by 40 percent. In 2021, the China-hosted International Conference on Food Loss and Waste was well received by the international community, including G20 members.

◆ China is an important strategic partner of FAO in South-South cooperation. In recent years, China has donated US$130 million to the FAO's South-South Cooperation Trust Fund. China has deployed and trained more than 1,100 agricultural experts and technical personnel to nearly 100,000 farmers in more than 40 countries and regions. Under the FAO's South-South Cooperation Program, China has donated the most funds, sent the most experts and implemented the most projects of any developing country.

◆ China has provided its own solutions to the global food shortage. Chinese hybrid rice is cultivated in dozens of countries and regions in Asia, Africa and America, with an annual cultivation area of ​​eight million hectares. This increased the world's total grain production by 150 million tons, enough to feed another 400 to 500 million people. Known as the "father of Chinese hybrid rice," Yuan Longping and other Chinese researchers have offered advice in India, Pakistan, Vietnam, Myanmar, Bangladesh and many other countries. Through international training, China has trained more than 14,000 hybrid rice technicians for more than 80 developing countries.

Falsehood 21: Beijing has perfected mass surveillance and exported this technology to more than 80 countries.

Reality-Check:The United States is the largest piracy empire.

◆ The use of video surveillance and big data technology is an important step taken by the Chinese government to improve social governance and is also a common practice around the world. It is necessary, legal and justified. Tianwang (Skynet), which consists of video surveillance systems, effectively eliminates potential public security risks and ensures the high crime-solving rate in China. With the increasingly digitized crime prevention and control system, 98.6% of China's population felt safe in 2021, and China is widely recognized as one of the safest countries in the world. China ranks third in the Law and Order Index published by Gallup, an American consulting firm, while the United States ranks 36th.

◆ Statistics show that in 2018 there were about 70 million cameras installed in the US, one for 4.6 people. When the US accuses China of mass surveillance, it is simply a double standard.

◆ The US has a long history of conducting large-scale, organized, and indiscriminate espionage, surveillance, and cyberattacks against foreign governments, corporations, and individuals in violation of international law and the fundamental rules of international relations. In June 2013, The Guardian and The Washington Post reported that since 2007, the NSA has operated PRISM, a covert electronic surveillance program that targets even its own allies. Der Spiegel reported that the US secret service may have been monitoring the German Chancellor's cell phone communications for almost a decade.

◆ In 2020, the Irish Data Protection Commission (DPC)  asked Facebook to stop sending EU user data to the US. The report comes just months after the European Court of Justice ruled that the EU-US data transfer standard did not adequately protect the privacy of European citizens and concluded that EU citizens had no effective way to challenge government. It is reported that US agencies like the NSA could theoretically ask internet companies like Facebook and Google to release data on an EU citizen and that EU citizen would not notice.

◆ In December 2020, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libertés (CNIL) of France  declared that the websites and violate relevant French regulations by using tracking cookies without prior consent and without prior consent place on their users' computers providing sufficient information.

◆ In 2021, the Danish Broadcasting Corporation (DR) reported that between 2012 and 2014, the NSA used top-of-the-line cables from Denmark to intercept (spy on) high-ranking officials in Sweden, Norway, France and Germany, including many political dignitaries such as former Chancellor Deutsche Angela Merkel. The US has apparently broken its promise not to tap Merkel's phones anymore.

◆ America abuses its leadership in Internet and communications technology and is truly an empire of hacking, wiretapping and secret-stealing. From PRISM, the Irritant Horn project, and Stellar Wind to Operation Telescreen, the Hive platform, and the QUANTUM attack system, the US has violated its citizens' freedom of communication and expression through digital surveillance, engaging in cyberattacks, surveillance, and theft of secrets around the world. Documents leaked by Edward Snowden from The Stateroom show that the US has covertly installed spy devices in nearly 100 of its embassies and consulates to steal secrets from their host countries.

◆ A report on APT-C-39  released in 2020 by Chinese cybersecurity firm 360 reveals that APT-C-39, a CIA hacker group, has been conducting infiltration cyber attacks in China for 11 years, targeting critical sectors including Aerospace, research institutions, the oil industry, big internet companies and government agencies. Such attacks have seriously undermined China's national security and the security of its economy, critical infrastructure and the public's personal information.

According to a report on global indiscriminate cyber attacks by NSA APT-C-40 over the past decade, released in 2022 by 360, the NSA has used cyber weapons to attack 403 targets in 47 countries and regions from around the world including China, the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Poland, Japan, India, Republic of Korea, United Arab Emirates, South Africa and Brazil.

(Video) The Reality Behind Self-Aware A.I. with Rabbi Bucsko

On April 19, 2022, China's National Computer Virus Emergency Response Center (CVERC) issued a warning and report on US government cyberattacks on other countries. It brings to light "Hive", a light cyber weapon used exclusively by the US government, and the fact that the US has deployed cyber attack platforms around the world and bridge servers and VPN channels in countries such as France, Germany, Canada, Turkey and Malaysia. .


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